ICAR-ICMFRI Turns 75; Launches Year-Long Anniversary Celebration Campaign
The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) turned 75 years on 3rd February 2022. On the occasion, the institute kick-started one-year-long campaign that includes various activities to mark the platinum jubilee celebrations.Established in 1947, the ICAR-CMFRI has been playing a pivotal role in stewarding India’s marine fishery resources since its inception. Over the past seven and half decades, the CMFRI which joined the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in 1967, has grown significantly in size and stature emerging as a leading tropical marine fisheries research hub in the world.
During the foundation day celebration, Dr J K Jena, Deputy Director General of the ICAR was the chief guest. He urged the CMFRI scientists to prioritise their focus of research in accordance with the urgent need of the society and the nation. “The Central Government is focusing on strengthening mariculture based alternative livelihood options like seaweed farming, marine ornamental fish culture etc. This would offer better livelihood option to the coastal communities and thereby supporting the country’s economy”, he said.Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI said that the institute broadened its objectives by diversifying towards potentially rewarding arenas such as mariculture, genetic and biotechnological applications. Keeping tab of the changes in the sector, research on climate change and bioprospecting will also be strengthened, he said.
Elaborating on the future plan of the institute, Dr Gopalakrishnan further said: “Given that mariculture is going to be a game changer in ensuring future fish production and also in providing income and employment security for coastal fishers, the ICAR-CMFRI will focus on precision mariculture with the aid of smart tools and automation with Artificial Intelligence (AI)”. Apart from this, a number of emerging areas of importance include marine environment management, marine biodiversity research, marine spatial planning, species identification and description, marine pollution research, fish disease diagnosis and control, resource monitoring and assessment, socioeconomics and so on, he added.
The logo for the year-long celebration was
unveiled on the occasion. A theme song also was released.
ICAR-CMFRI Wins Two ICAR Awards
The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has won national recognition with the institute bagging two national-level awards instituted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
The ICAR-CMFRI won the Best Annual Report award (2020) in the category of ICAR large institutes while Dr Anusree M, a Ph D scholar at CMFRI bagged the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for PG Outstanding Doctoral Thesis Research in Agricultural and Allied Sciences for 2021. The annual report contains key information on the institute’s research activities and outputs in a year. This is the second time within seven years the CMFRI’s annual report is selected as the national best.
Dr Anusree was designated for the award for her doctoral thesis on the topic ‘Characterization and Evaluation of Small Molecular Bioactives and Polysaccharides from the Phaeophytic Marine Macroalga Sargassum wightii (family Sargassaceae) as Defense Metabolites against Oxidative Stress-Induced Diseases’. Her research works involved in developing potential pharmacophores and nutraceuticals with anti-dyslipidemic, anti-diabetic, and anti-hypertensive activities from seaweeds, under the guidance of Dr Kajal Chakraborty, Principal Scientist of CMFRI. The award includes a cash prize of Rs. 50,000, citation, certificate, and a silver medal.
The ICAR- CMFRI was selected for the awards from among 114 institutes in India under the ICAR. The institute had won the Sardar Patel Outstanding ICAR institutions award, the highest award of the ICAR, in 2020.
The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has won the first position in the latest ranking of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in the category of Fisheries and Animal Science institutes in the country. The Institute also secured the third position in the ranking of the 93 institutes under all divisions of Crop Science, Horticultural Science, Natural Resource Management, Agricultural Engineering, Animal Science and Fisheries Science. The ranking was based on research and other activities of the institutes during 2019-2021.
Also, the CMFRI ranked the highest in the ICAR institutes headquartered in Kerala. “This achievement is seen as a recognition for collective efforts of the CMFRI family in research and development activities for the sustainable growth of the country’s marine fisheries”, said Director Dr A Gopalakrishnan. In addition, attempts to popularise mariculture activities like cage fish and seaweed farming, technology development for breeding of commercially important fishes, research initiatives to develop nutraceutical products from marine organisms, efforts for making relevant policies, studies on socio-economics of the sector and extension activities among many others have helped CMFRI to achieve this feat, he said.Kochi headquartered CMFRI has regional research centres in Veraval, Karwar, Mangalore, Kozhikode, Vizhinjam, Chennai, Tuticorin, Mandapam, Visakhapatnam and Digha.
Sea ranching of the green tiger shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus under the Central Sector Scheme component of Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)
ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Mandapam Regional Centre is regularly carrying out sea ranching of hatchery produced green tiger shrimp, Penaeus semisulcatus seeds in Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay to replenish the natural stock and to enhance the shrimp productivity. This is helpful in promoting the livelihood of the fishermen in the region and also for conserving & maintaining a sustainable shrimp stock in the wild. Owing to its importance a project entitled "Sea ranching of Green tiger shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatus) Post Larvae (PL) in Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu" is being carried out by ICAR-CMFRI Mandapam Regional Centre with the funding support of Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Govt. of India under the Central Sector Scheme component of the PMMSY. Under the project a total of 200 million Green tiger shrimp Post Larvae will be released in a period of four years (2022-2026) in Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar region of Tamil Nadu. The total budget of the project is Rs.168.948 lakhs.
A total of 1.2 million green tiger shrimp seeds (PL 22) were sea ranched at Maraikayarpattinam (Gulf of Mannar) on 11th October, 2022. The shrimp seeds were released by the staff of the Mandapam Regional Centre in presence of Dr. G. Tamilmani, Head-in-Charge & Principal Investigator of the project. A total of 19.44 million green tiger shrimp seeds were sea ranched in Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar since the inception of the Project (February, 2022). The sea ranching programme was coordinated by Dr. B. Johnson, Senior Scientist of the Centre.
Awareness programme on “Biofloc fish farming: Onsite exposure cum hands on skill development for farmers
Awareness programme on “Biofloc fish farming :Onsite exposure cum hands on skill development for farmers was held at Cheranalloor biofloc site of CMFRI on 17.10.2022 to disseminate knowledge on various aspects of biofloc fish farming. Around 150 persons including farmers, Public representatives and scientist from CMFRI participated the programme.Biofloc technology is an innovative and scientific method for high-density fish farming in a controlled environment in which beneficial bacteria are multiplied in the system as floc that serves as food as well as helps to convert fish wastages into useful nutrients. This type culture has many advantages such as: the biofloc unit can be established near to their house premises, management of system is easy as work load is less compared to other fish farming methods and the age old people, women, handicapped persons and transgenders can easy undertake this farming methods as a livelihood option and income generation. The farmers who does not have access to open water system can also adopt this technology. Apart from these, it will also help in the live fish market so that the general public gets fresh live fish (non iced /non freezed fish) for consumption. With this aim CMFRI has established biofloc farming system in the farmers field at Ernakulam, Idukki, Kottayam, Trissur districts of Kerala under SCSP and TSP programme. As more and more farmers are interested in this innovative fish farming, an awareness programme was conducted at the biofloc site of CMFRI at Cheranalloor so that the farmers can witness the farming methods.