ICAR CMFRI releases 5 lakh hatchery produced pearl oyster spat in Gulf of Mannar
Tuticorin Regional Station of the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) sea-ranched 5 lakhs hatchery-produced pearl oyster (Pinctada fucata) spat of 5 mm size in select areas in the Gulf of Mannar on 15th September 2022. This stock replenishment measure was initiated by the Shellfish Fisheries Division, ICAR-CMFRI aimed at restoring the depleted population of pearl oysters in the region.District Collector K. Senthil Raj inaugurated the sea ranching near ‘Tharaipaar’ close to Tsunami Nagar, Thoothukudi in Tamil Nadu. Appreciating the efforts of ICAR-CMFRI to reinitiate the sea-ranching of Indian pearl oyster for stock enhancement, he said that ICAR-CMFRI should continue the initiative until the pearl oyster stock attains adequate for pearl production activity. This activity should enhance the livelihood of coastal fishers including fisherwomen in the coming years to uplift their social life. Also, two cages of different sizes with settled spat were deployed for the regular monitoring of sea-ranched pearl oyster spat for its growth at this location.
Tuticorin is popularly known as “Pearl City” as it was served as a capital of pearl production and trade centre since time immemorial until 1961 when the pearl fishery was completely banned by the Department of Fisheries for the protection of dwindling pearl oyster stocks. Tuticorin Regional Station of ICAR-CMFRI, due to the huge demand for marine pearls, had initiated research work on cultured pearl production and perfected the technology in 1973.Local fishers of Thoothukudi district especially women fishers from Sippikulam village were trained by ICAR-CMFRI Scientiss for the entrepreneurship development in pearl culture technique through funded research programmes. The hatchery produced spat can be raised as an adult and used for pearl culture. ICAR-CMFRI has done commendable work on sea ranching of pearl oyster spat in the paars earlier. However, regular fishing activities in the paar areas kept the population under control without attaining its healthy stock status.At present, ICAR-CMFRI is planning to rejuvenate the pearl oyster stocks in the pearl oyster paars of Gulf of Mannar through its sea ranching programme. Close monitoring will be carried out to assess its survival and sustainability through dedicated research activities. During the programme, the fishers from the Tsunami colony, who are descendants of pearl fishers and presently engaged in chank fishery, shared their experience of their ancestors and expressed their interest in carrying out pearl culture activity with the support of the Tuticorin Regional Station of ICAR-CMFRI. Dr P. S. Asha, Principal Scientist & Scientist-in-Charge, Tuticorin Regional Station of CMFRI, Smt. M. Kavitha, Scientist and Dr C. Kalidas, Scientist also spoke on the occasion.Mr. P. Vijayaraghavan, Assistant Director of Fisheries, Mrs. Vyla, Assistant Director of Fisheries, Mr. Sivasubramanian, RDO, Mr. Selvakumar, Tehsildar and other officials from the collectorate, scientists and technical staff of the Station and fishers from Tsunami Nagar were present at the function.
ICAR-ICMFRI Turns 75; Launches Year-Long Anniversary Celebration Campaign
The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) turned 75 years on 3rd February 2022. On the occasion, the institute kick-started one-year-long campaign that includes various activities to mark the platinum jubilee celebrations.Established in 1947, the ICAR-CMFRI has been playing a pivotal role in stewarding India’s marine fishery resources since its inception. Over the past seven and half decades, the CMFRI which joined the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in 1967, has grown significantly in size and stature emerging as a leading tropical marine fisheries research hub in the world.
During the foundation day celebration, Dr J K Jena, Deputy Director General of the ICAR was the chief guest. He urged the CMFRI scientists to prioritise their focus of research in accordance with the urgent need of the society and the nation. “The Central Government is focusing on strengthening mariculture based alternative livelihood options like seaweed farming, marine ornamental fish culture etc. This would offer better livelihood option to the coastal communities and thereby supporting the country’s economy”, he said.Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI said that the institute broadened its objectives by diversifying towards potentially rewarding arenas such as mariculture, genetic and biotechnological applications. Keeping tab of the changes in the sector, research on climate change and bioprospecting will also be strengthened, he said.
Elaborating on the future plan of the institute, Dr Gopalakrishnan further said: “Given that mariculture is going to be a game changer in ensuring future fish production and also in providing income and employment security for coastal fishers, the ICAR-CMFRI will focus on precision mariculture with the aid of smart tools and automation with Artificial Intelligence (AI)”. Apart from this, a number of emerging areas of importance include marine environment management, marine biodiversity research, marine spatial planning, species identification and description, marine pollution research, fish disease diagnosis and control, resource monitoring and assessment, socioeconomics and so on, he added.
The logo for the year-long celebration was
unveiled on the occasion. A theme song also was released.
Awareness programme on jellyfish sting management for seaweed cultivators at Sambai, Rameswaram under Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav Initiative
On July 14, 2022, an awareness programme on jellyfish sting management at Sambai fishing village, Rameswaram, was organised for seaweed farmers as a part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav initiative of the Government of India. The programme was presided over by Dr. G. Tamilmani, Head in Charge of Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI, and he distributed the "Jellysafe" first aid kit to fisherwomen. Dr. R. Saravanan, Senior Scientist, explained about the different jellyfish found in Palk Bay and the jellyfish sting management using the first aid kit "JellySafe." Nearly 46 fisherwomen who are involved in seaweed cultivation attended the programme. The ward councillor, Ms. Thillai Pushpam, and village seaweed cultivator group leaders, Mr. M. Murugesan and Ms. Murugeswari facilitated the event. This awareness programme was organised under the ongoing in-house project on jellyfish bloom dynamics in India's coastal and marine ecosystems (MB/JBD/32).
Kochi Town Official Language Implementation Committee Trophies For CMFRI
ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi bagged Rolling Trophy – First position for the period 2020-21 for excellent implementation of Official Language among the Central Govt. Organizations in Kochi Town. Institute also bagged Rolling Trophy – First position for Half yearly Hindi In House Magazine ‘Matsyagandha’. In the Half yearly meeting of Kochi TOLIC held at Income Tax Office, Cochin on 28.06.2022 Shri Manjit Singh, IRS, Commissioner of Income Tax distributed Trophies. Shri Hareesh Nair, Chief Administrative Officer (Senior Grade) and Smt. E.K.Uma, CTO (Hindi) received the Trophies on behalf of the Institute.