ICAR-CMFRI Observes International Yoga Day
The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) observed the International Day of Yoga on 21st June 2017 with demonstration of yoga and an awareness lecture. Dr (Major) Rajesh Nambissan was the chief guest of the programme, which was organised by the Recreation Club of the institute. He said that regular yoga practice would help human being to coordinate and concentrate the activities related to body, breath and mind. A regular yoga practitioner could achieve this level even when he is performing routine activities such as cooking, playing, bathing etc.
Prior to the speech, Shri K Vijayakumar, Sri Sri Yoga Faculty of the Art of Living Foundation demonstrated the yoga to the staff member of the ICAR-CMFRI, ICAR-CIFRI and ICAR-NBFGR. Around 250 staff members attended the programme. The activity started with body setting exercises followed by routine yoga practices and postures.
Dr V Kripa, President, Recreation Club of ICAR-CMFRI and Head of Fishery Environment Division, welcomed the gathering and K Smitha, Secretary of the Club proposed vote of thanks.
Mass scale seed production of Indian pompano (Trachinotus mookalee) at Visakhapatnam, Regional Centre of ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute:
First of its kind in the world
Indian pompano is a marine fish, belonging to the family Carangidae. It is distributed in Indo West Pacific region and is reported to be present in 15 different countries of the Asian continent. In India, the fish is reported from both the west and the east coasts. It is marine with sporadic occurrences in bays and lagoons and the adult fishes prefer shallow coastal waters with rocky areas. The fish is considered to be a good candidate species for aquaculture due to its fast growth rate, easy adaptability to culture conditions, quick acceptance of artificial feed, euryhaline nature, pleasant appearance, good meat quality and high consumer preference. In addition, it can be successfully cultured in tanks, ponds and cages.
In a bid to diversify Indian mariculture, breeding and seed production of the species was initiated at Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI with broodstock collection in the year 2011. Initial success in seed production on a small scale was achieved in early 2014. However, seed could not be produced consistently due to the loss of broodstock maintained in the cage by the effect of the catastrophic Hud Hud cyclone which hit Visakhapatnam coast in the same year. Broodstock collection was initiated again in 2015 and the fishes were stocked in land based - Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS) for development and maturation. With manipulation of water quality and feeding protocols, fishes were induced to spawn in the RAS and mass scale seed production was achieved in early 2017. Metamorphosis from larvae to fry started on the 17th day post-hatch and was completed by the 22nd day. After 30 days of rearing, the survival rate was around 17.2% and the fry reached an average size of 2.9 cm in length and 1.27 g in weight. Around few thousand fry were transferred to Veraval Regional Centre of CMFRI, Veraval, Gujarat and are being nursery reared for stocking in cages. Another few thousand fry were transferred to Nagayalanka, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh and are being nursed in hapas prior to release in pond. The remaining fry, again a few thousands, are being nursery reared at Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of CMFRI, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh and will be shortly stocked in open sea floating cages for grow-out. This is the first report of successful mass scale seed production of Indian pompano (Trachinotus mookalee) under confinement from anywhere in the world.
Recent success in seed production of Indian pompano by Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI has raised a ray of hope for culture of the fish using hatchery produced seeds in India and will present enormous scope for aquaculture business opportunity in near future for Indian fish farmers through species diversification.
The World Ocean Day was celebrated on 8th June 2017 at TRC of CMFRI by conducting “Beach cleaning programme” at Inigo Nagar, Tuticorin. The overall theme for World Ocean Day 2017 is “Our Oceans, Our Future,” and mainly focused on the prevention of plastic pollution in the ocean for a healthier ocean and a better future.
The programme was started at 14:15 hrs with an awareness rally from office to Inigo nagar by Staff of TRC of CMFRI to create awareness among the public. The beach cleaning activity begun with a briefing of coastal pollution especially the effect of plastic in the ocean. The fishermen of Inigo nagar village actively involved in the programme. They were also motivated and encouraged to understand the need and importance of clean oceans in their daily life. All the staff members and contractual labourers of the centre were enthusiastically participated in the beach cleaning drive. During this programme, the cleaning activity was carried out along the beach of Inigo nagar. The waste materials especially plastic items, unusable damaged fishing gears and broken glass remains were segregated and disposed off safely in dust bins. The major thrust was given to fisherfolk in the removal of plastics. People of Inigo nagar diligently involved in this programme and they also thank TRC of CMFRI for organizing this cleanliness drive programme to educate them the importance of clean ocean and its role in human life that will help them and their future generation to keep the ocean free from pollution. The beach cleaning programme was came to an end by 16:15 hrs.
National Consultation Meet on ‘Mariculture and Open Sea Cage Culture Development in India’ organized at Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR- CMFRI
A two days National Consultation Meet on ‘Mariculture and Open Sea Cage Culture Development in India’ was organized by Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF), Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare in collaboration with National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) at Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR- CMFRI on 8th - 9th June 2017. Shri. Devendra Chaudhry, I.A.S., Secretary, DADF inaugurated the consultation meet. Dr.A.Gopalakrishnan, Director, CMFRI delivered the welcome address and felicitated the dignitaries.
Shri. Aditya Kumar Joshi, I.F.S., Joint Secretary, DADF, Shri. Gagandeep Singh Bedi, I.A.S., Principal Secretary to Govt. of Tamil Nadu, Shri.V.P.Thandapani, I.A.S., Director of Fisheries, Tamil Nadu, Shri. G.S.Sameeran, I.A.S., Additional Director of Fisheries, Ramanathapuram, Shri.S.Natarajan, I.A.S., District Collector, Ramanathapuram, Shri.Ram Sankar Naik, I.A.S., Commissioner of Fisheries, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, Dr. Pravin Puthran, ADG (M.Fy.), ICAR actively participated in the deliberations.
Officials of the Fisheries departments from the maritime states viz., Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Union Territory of Puducherry and Lakshadweep and institutions viz., ICAR-CMFRI, CSIR-CSMCRI, ICAR-CIBA, NIOT, RGCA, AFI also attended the meeting.
Hon’ble Secretary, DADF directed ICAR-CMFRI to prepare an action plan to achieve 4 lakh tonnes of marine finfish production within five years in different locations of maritime states. He also suggested the ICAR-CMFRI to circulate the draft mariculture policy to all maritime states. After getting the inputs from the all the States, the Government of India will finalise the policy. Joint Secretary, DADF suggested the maritime States to submit proposal for financial assistance from the Centre for setting up of hatcheries, nurseries and cage farms in their respective states.
The consultative meet, which concluded on Friday, discussed various issues in mariculture and open sea cage culture; policy aspects; status of breeding and nursery rearing technology for species used in mariculture etc.
Dr.A.Gopalakrishnan, Director, CMFRI, Dr.Imelda Joseph, Head In-charge, Mariculture Division, Dr.A.K.Abdul Nazar, Scientist-in-Charge had made elaborate arrangements for smooth conduct of the programme.
Earlier Hon’ble Secretary, DADF, Additional Director of Fisheries, Ramanathapuram, District Collector, Ramanathapuram, Director, CMFRI along with scientists visited the cage farm at Thangachimadam, Seaweed farms at Munaikadu, CMFRI cage farm and hatchery facilities.
ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi is organizing a Summer School on Advanced methods for Fish Stock Assessment and Fisheries Management at CMFRI, Kochi during 12th July to 1st August, 2017 for Scientists/officials from ICAR institutes/ Universities. The main aim of this programme is to give an exposure to advanced methods in fish stock assessment to researchers/teachers in related areas and to impart training on development of multi-species models. Particular emphasis will be given to biostatistics and the use of mathematical models in fish stock assessment. In the recent years, Indian fisheries is facing lot of challenges and this training will be beneficial to study and conduct research on stock assessment and fisheries management
For further information please visit the websites cbp.icar.gov.in or email at firstname.lastname@example.org
It gives me great pleasure to share with you a draft copy of the book ‘Indian Marine Fisheries Code: Guidance on a Marine Fisheries Management Model for India’ jointly produced by the Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR-CIFT) and the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI). Scientists of CMFRI and CIFT have come together to provide guidance on how the FAO’s 1995 Code of Conduct of Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) can be operationalized in India.
I request you to kindly read the book and provide your valuable comments on the concepts and implementation plan provided in the book. In order to make your job easier, we are providing a brief questionnaire which you could answer in a simple yes/no format. If, however, you feel strongly about some points you could also write in comments in detail or directly email me the comments. We are also providing a return-addressed stamped envelope through which you could return the comments. We would very much appreciate receiving your comments within 3 weeks of receipt of this book.
I hope that you would be able to comply with our request in spite of your busy schedule in the interest of sustainability of marine fisheries of the country. Looking forward to hearing from you at the earliest.
DBT Sponsored National Training in Molecular Biology & Biotechnology for Fisheries Professionals
Click to download brochure
Dr. S.Z. Qasim Memorial Best Paper Award 2016 sponsored by The Marine Biological Association Of India for the Scientific Paper published in JMBAI "Isolation, identification and culture of the marine rotifer Colurellaadriatica Ehrenberg, 1831 (Family: Lepadellidae) from Andaman & Nicobar Islands: A promising live feed for larval rearing of high value shellfishes and finfishes" - Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, by Dr. K. Madhu, Dr. Rema Madhu, Shri. M.P. Mohandas and Shri. M.T. Vijayan.
ICAR-CMFRI commercialises its anti-obesity nutraceutical product
CMFRI gives exclusive license to VLCC health care group for using the technology for commercial production
The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has commercialized its recently developed nutraceutical product named CadalminTM Antihypercholesterolemic extract (CadalminTM ACe) for reducing obesity and cholesterol. The CMFRI gave the exclusive license to the VLCC, a leading Indian MNC in wellness and obesity management, for using the technology for commercial production and marketing of the product.
Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI signed a license agreement with Sandeep Ahuja, Director of the VLCC Group and Dr A H Zaidi, Executive Vice President (R & D) of the firm.
CMFRI developed the anti-obesity nutraceutical product using natural marine bioactive ingredients from selected seaweeds after years of intensive research and the product was found to be effective in combating dyslipidemia and obesity. (Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids (e.g.,triglycerides, cholesterol and/or fat phospholipids) in the blood).
The bioactive principles contained in CadalminTM ACe inhibit various enzymes like hydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase and various target receptors, which are responsible for causing obesity and dyslipidemia.
CadalminTM ACe provides a unique blend of 100 per cent natural marine bioactive ingredients from selected seaweeds with an eco-friendly ‘green technology’, which is currently under patent. The product has been proved to be devoid of any side effects following long-term oral administration of the tablets as established by detailed pre-clinical trials. The nutraceutical product is prepared from seaweeds, which are known for their extraordinary medicinal properties and are commonly available in the Indian coastal waters. CadalminTM ACe is the fourth in the series of the nutraceutical products developed from seaweeds by CMFRI. CMFRI had already developed nutraceuticals for diabetes and arthritis.
The CMFRI is in the process of developing more health products and nutraceuticals from seaweeds, that are bounty in Indian coastal waters.
Information on the availability of this product in the market will be made public as soon as the product becomes ready through the firm.
ICAR-CMFRI releases estimates of marine fish landings in India-2016
India’s marine fish catch increases 6.6%
India’s total marine fish landings recorded a slight increase of 6.6 per cent during 2016 compared to the previous year with a production of 3.63 million tonnes against 3.40 million tonnes in 2015. The estimates of country’s marine fish landings of 2016 released by the Kochi headquartered ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) on 20th May 2017 highlighted that for the first time after 1998 sardine was not the top-ranked species in terms of the landings in the country.
According to ICAR-CMFRI’s estimates, Gujarat remained at the top position for the fourth consecutive year with a production of 7.74 lakh tonnes followed by Tamil Nadu (7.07 lakh tonnes) and Karnataka (5.29 lakh tonnes). Even as Kerala, one of the major fish consuming States in the country, was slipped down to fourth spot for the first time in the history, the state registered an 8% increase in its total marine fish catch over the previous year producing 5.23 lakh tonnes in 2016. West Bengal, Karnataka, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra and Daman & Diu witnessed a hike in the marine fish landings, whereas other states including Tamil Nadu registered a fall in the catch in varying degrees.
Karnataka boosted its landings to reach to the third spot in the country by a production of 5.29 lakh tonnes ahead of Kerala, recording 19.6% increase over the previous year. In 2015 Karnataka was in the fourth position in the country.
Mackerel tops in India
Mackerel, the national fish was placed the first spot of the major resources obtained all over the country, after a long interval from 1999 with an overall production of 2.5 lakh tonnes ahead of oil sardine (2.44 lakh tonnes). However, the catch of mackerel dropped by 33% in Kerala.
A significant change observed during 2016 was the landing patter of bulls eye (Priacanthus spp). From a mere 4,691 tonnes in 2015, the catch of the fish was escalated to a six-times-high of 1.3 lakh tonnes this year. The fish emerged as a major resource in the landings with high production in the West Coast where Karnataka contributed the maximum.
Huge hike in Hilsa
A huge hike in the landings of Hilsa shad, the most favourite fish of people of West Bengal, helped the state to increase its marine fish production to 2.72 lakh tonnes. The fish recovered from its previous trends of dwindling catch to reach 94,000 tonnes, a four-fold increase compared to 2015. The revival of Hilsa helped the West Bengal to increase its marine fish production to 2.72 lakh tonnes in 2016 from a 1.18 lakh tonnes of 2015, a huge upsurge in the catch.
Catch declined in Andhra Pradesh
At the same time, fish catch dropped significantly in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha mainly due to the cyclone which reduced fishing days in these states. Andhra Pradesh recorded a decrease of 35% during 2016 over the previous year, while 17% of catch declined in Odisha.
The marine fish landing estimates of the ICAR-CMFRI also showed that chub mackerel (Scomber indicus), the new fish described by the CMFRI last year, was limited to the Kerala coasts only. Around one thousand tonnes of this resource was landed off the Kerala coasts during 2016.
20% increase in value of fish
The estimate of value of marine fish landings during 2016 at the landing centre level in the country was ? 48,381 crores, registering an increase of 20.7% compared to 2015. At the retail level, the estimated value was ? 73,289 crores with an increase of 12.4% over the previous year. Even as the landings increased in the state, Kerala suffered a fall of 18.1% over previous year in the value of fish catch at the retail centres.
The Fisheries Resource Assessment Division of the ICAR-CMFRI estimated the annual marine fish landings of the country.
Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI released the estimates. According to him, the marine capture fisheries is experiencing more fishing pressure and there is urgent need to implement control measures to maintain the harvest at sustainable levels. “Also, we have to explore the utilisation of untapped and unconventional resources to quench the demand. Further, climate change, particularly the increase of sea surface temperature and mean sea level rise are factors affecting the marine fisheries. The ICAR-CMFRI is carrying out research works for developing frameworks to mitigate such challenges”, he added.
Dr T V Sathianandan, Head, Fishery Resources Assessment Division, presented the findings. Various Heads of Divisions Dr K Sunil Muhammed, Dr G Maheshwarudu, Dr Prathibha Rohit, Dr R Narayanakumar and Dr PU Zacharia also were present on the occasion.