Harvest Mela Organised for Indian Pompano Farmed in Marine Cages at Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI
A Harvest Mela was organised for marine cage farmed Indian Pompano at fishing harbour, Visakhapatnam by ICAR-CMFRI, Visakhapatnam Regional Centre on 4th May, 2023. The programme was attended by the Joint Director of Fisheries, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh; Head in-Charge, Visakhapatnam Regional Centre, ICAR-CMFRI; Scientists and all staff members of Visakhapatnam Regional Centre, ICAR-CMFRI; State fisheries department officials and fishermen society members from Jalaripetta and Pedda Jalaripetta, Visakhapatnam.
Initially, hatchery produced Indian pompano seeds (24.0 ± 2.0 g) were stocked in HDPE cages of 6.0 meter dia with 4.0 meter net depth. A total of three cages were stocked with fingerlings at high stocking density (40 nos/m3) at an average numbers of 4000 numbers/ cage during September, 2022. . The fingerlings were fed with pellet feed containing 40% protein and 10% fat twice a day. The grow out cultured fishes were harvested after seven months at an average size of 415.0 ± 25.0 g on 4th May, 2023. A total of 3.7 tonnes of Indian pompano were harvested with an average production of 1.25 tonnes/ cage in seven months. The estimated average survival was 74% and FCR was 1:1.46. The harvested fishes were sold to traders in Visakhapatnam @ Rs 300/kg, through which the Visakhapatnam Regional Centre generated a revenue of Rs. 11,10,000/-. The cage demonstration was part of the AINP- Mariculture project research programme on evaluation of high stocking density culture of Indian pompano in marine cages. The cages were managed by the Traditional Mutually Aided Fishermen Cooperative Society, Pedda Jalaripetta, Visakhapatnam with the technical support from Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI.
Sea ranching of the green tiger shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus under the Central Sector Scheme component of PMMSY
A total of 4.1 million green tiger shrimp seeds (PL 25) were sea ranched at Mandapam, T Nagar (Palk Bay) on 12th April, 2023 under the Project entitled "Sea ranching of Green tiger shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatus) Post Larvae (PL) in Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu" funded by Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Govt. of India under the Central Sector Scheme component of the PMMSY. The shrimp seeds were released by Shri. M. Sivakumar, Assistant Director of Fisheries and Fisherman Welfare, Mandapam, Mandapam Fishermen Association Leaders in the presence of Dr. G. Tamilmani, Head-in-Charge & Principal Investigator of the project, Scientists and staff of Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI. The fishermen thanked the Government of India and ICAR-CMFRI for such an initiative and expressed that this activity will be helpful in replenishing the green tiger shrimp stock. A total of 57.64 million green tiger shrimp seeds were sea ranched in Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar since the inception of the Project (February, 2022). The sea ranching programme was coordinated by Dr. B. Johnson, Senior Scientist of the Centre.
Awareness workshop on climate change and distribution of Climate Aid to fishermen
AnAn awareness workshop on climate change was organised by the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi under its National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) project on 18th April 2023. Fishermen residing in Kerala’s Chellanam and Puthuveypu villages attended the workshop.Speaking on the occasion, Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI said the Institute will set up Water Clinics in the coastal region of the state. At a time when climate change continues to fuel storm surges and resulting coastal flooding, the proposed clinics are aimed at assessing the quality of drinking water resources in coastal communities, he said.He added that the new initiative is in line with the ‘One Health’ concept that aims to achieve optimal health for the people, aquatic animals and plants, and the environment. “In continuation of the existing research project to understand the extent of pathogenic vibrio pollution in the Vembanad, the Water Clinics is expected to maintain the quality of the drinking water resources in the region, thereby preventing the spread of waterborne diseases in the community. Emulating the success model of the ‘Citizen Science’ initiative for the Vembanad research project, the participation of students will be ensured to conduct massive water quality checks in the coastal region with the support of a mobile application”, the Director said.In order to set up the Water Clinics, the CMFRI will collaborate with the Nansen Environmental Research Centre, Kochi, the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), the Public Health Department and other agencies.
Climate Aid to fisher families
The awareness workshop was organised by the National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) research project of the CMFRI. In an effort to minimise the losses caused by climate change on the coastal communities, the CMFRI provided climate aid to 24 fisher families belonging to the SC community residing in Chellanam and Puthuveypu, on the occasion. As part of this, implements such as fishing nets, freezers, ice boxes, motor pump sets, fish seeds and feeds, etc. worth Rs. 2.5 lakhs were distributed among the fishermen under the Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) programme of the NICRA project of the institute.Espamma Sebstin, Chairperson of the Welfare Standing Committee of Chellanam Panchayat; Dr C Ramachandran; Dr Grinson George; Dr Ratheesh Kumar; Krishnakumar, ward member; and Dr Muhammad Shafeeque spoke on the occasion.
ICAR-CMFRI hosts NICRA review meeting headed by DDG (NRM), ICAR
The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI), Kochi hosted the review meeting of the research works of various fisheries research institutes and state agricultural universities under the fisheries component of the National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) of ICAR on 11th March 2023.The meeting was chaired by Dr S K Chaudhari, Deputy Director General (Natural Resources Management) of the ICAR. He emphasised the need for finding scientific solutions to the impacts of climate change on food producing sectors, including fisheries. He pointed out that increase in temperature and heat waves are leading to disruption of groundwater behaviour posing threat to agriculture and allied sectors. He also said that assessing ecological losses is equally important while studying the impact of climate change on the food sector.Dr B Venkateswarlu, Chairman of the NICRA Expert Committee urged scientists to focus on technological innovations and contributions to policy interventions during the time of climate change. Innovative technologies would help fishermen to sustain their livelihood during cyclones, heavy rainfalls and other extreme weather conditions, he said.Dr K K Vass, member of the NICRA Expert Committee said that there is a need for segregating the positive impacts of cyclones which support regional increase in production. The loss occurring in coastal communities like in the case of infrastructure damage and the loss in fishing days owing to extreme weather events such as storm-surge should be treated separately. In addition, studies on disruption of marine ecosystem services should also be carried out, Dr Vaas added.Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI said the under the NICRA project the Institute has found India’s carbon emission from marine fisheries at the national level is lower than that of global figure. The sector emits 1.32 t of CO2 (carbon dioxide) to produce one tonne of fish, much lower than the global figures of more than 2t of carbon emission per tonne of fish. Viewing that the NICRA project assumes significance as it helps to provide innovative solutions to a range of issues emanating from climate change, he further stated that the support of the project helped quicken the pace of ICAR-CMFRI’s research activities in India’s marine fisheries.Principal Investigators of the NICRA project from ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi; ICAR-Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA), Chennai; ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), Barrackpore; ICAR-Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research (DCFR), Bhimtal; ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (NBFGR), Lucknow; Tamil Nadu Dr J Jayalalithaa Fisheries University; and Bihar Animal Sciences University presented the status of their research works at the meeting.ICAR-CMFRI’s presentation pointed out that increased intensity of cyclones, sea level rise, and warming of the Indian Ocean have led to changes in marine ecosystems among many others, causing depletion of some fishes and the emergence of some other varieties. The Institute identified cyclone proneness, flood proneness, shoreline changes, heat wave and sea level rise as the major hazards that make coastal lives in peril. Works on a Coastal Climate Risk Atlas that marks areas of risks including hazards and vulnerabilities in all coastal districts in India, are in progress.Headed by DDG, ICAR, a team of experts including Dr B Venkateswarlu, Dr K K, Dr V K Singh, Director of Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), and Dr M Prabhakar, Principal Investigator of the NICRA, ICAR reviewed the research works.