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BACKGROUND

India is endowed with many caste, of which many have economic disparity. People belong to some caste are very penurious especially Scheduled caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST). It is therefore, Govt. of India initiated may schemes for the upliftment of these communities. They have been given special representation as constitutional provisions given in CHAPTER X1 SPECIAL REPRESENTATION IN SERVICES FOR SC/ST 1. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS 1.1 Definition of Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe. Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution of India define as to who would be Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes with respect to any State or Union Territory. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS 1.2 " Article 46 "The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation."

Article 335 "The claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into consideration, consistently with the maintenane of efficiency of administration, in the making of appointments to services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of a State. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS 1.3" List of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes —The existing lists of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are to be found in the following Orders and Acts :— (1 ) *The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950; (2) *The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950; (3) *The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) (Union Territories) Order, 1951. (41 *The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) (Union Territories) Order, 1951. In this backdrop, ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Govt. of India proposed schemes such as TSP (Tribal Sub Plan) or STC (Scheduled Tribal Components) and SCSP (Scheduled Castes Sub Plan) with the following guidelines Number M-11012/03/2013-SG &SW Planning commission (SG &E Division Dated 18th June 2014), and M-11012/03/2013-SJ&SW Planning Commission (SJ & E Division). Based on this Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) launch the project and operated in 10 centres for SCSP and 7 centres for TSP in various parts of India with different objectives.