It gives me great pleasure to share with you a draft copy of the book ‘Indian Marine Fisheries Code: Guidance on a Marine Fisheries Management Model for India’ jointly produced by the Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR-CIFT) and the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI). Scientists of CMFRI and CIFT have come together to provide guidance on how the FAO’s 1995 Code of Conduct of Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) can be operationalized in India.
I request you to kindly read the book and provide your valuable comments on the concepts and implementation plan provided in the book. In order to make your job easier, we are providing a brief questionnaire which you could answer in a simple yes/no format. If, however, you feel strongly about some points you could also write in comments in detail or directly email me the comments. We are also providing a return-addressed stamped envelope through which you could return the comments. We would very much appreciate receiving your comments within 3 weeks of receipt of this book.
I hope that you would be able to comply with our request in spite of your busy schedule in the interest of sustainability of marine fisheries of the country. Looking forward to hearing from you at the earliest.
Eligibility: Student must be pursuing postgraduate courses from a recognized University/ Institute /college in the relevant area. To be eligible, applicants should have maintained consistently good academic record (70% and above for general category; 65% and above for OBC/MBC/DNC/BC; 60% and above for SC/ST candidates) in all their papers. Only Indian nationals studying in Indian universities are eligible. Mere fulfilling of eligibility criteria is no guarantee for selection.
Duration of study and attendance: Students admitted will be required to work fulltime at CMFRI for a minimum period of (a) 60 working days for MSc. Full Attendance is mandatory for issuing project completion certificate.
Selection: Intake of students under this program will be made four times a year (Jan/April/July/October). Students can apply through the link available in the CMFRI website (www.cmfri.org.in). Selected candidates will be duly informed through their institutions six week before the start of the programme. Upon intimation, candidates must submit a declaration of acceptance duly endorsed by the head of their institution.
Students must choose their field study for dissertation programme. Each student can give only 2 preferences.
Criteria for selection include academic accomplishments primarily and availability of slots with scientists for accommodating additional candidates. Students will be governed by the rules of CMFRI prevailing at that point of time. Any action in case of indiscipline/untoward incident in the campus will be as per decisions by CMFRI administration.
Fee: The fee structures are as follows:
1. Project work for a period of three months (not less than 60 working days). Applicable to students of MSc: Rs 20,000.
2. Project work for a period of six months (not less than 125 working days). Rs 30,000
Candidates should pay the prescribed fee at the time of joining. The fee in the form of a demand draft drawn in favour of “Director, CMFRI” payable at Ernakulam in any nationalized bank.
Students applying from Institutions having Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with CMFRI shall be dealt with according to the conditions in the MoU
Accommodation: No hostel accommodation will be provided by CMFRI. Selected candidates may make their own arrangements for food and accommodation. However, during working days students may make use of CMFRI departmental canteen for lunch/tea/snacks on payment basis.
How to apply: Students can apply online by filling the online application form. Recommendation letter from the college and a brief biodata containing educational details and other achievements should also be attached along with application form
The decisions about the selection will be final and no correspondence will be entertained in this regard.
CMFRI hands over Ockhi relief fund to Kerala Chief Minister
The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has donated Rs 4.53 lakh to the Kerala State’s Cyclone Ockhi special relief fund. Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of the CMFRI handed over a cheque of the amount to Shri Pinarayai Vijayan, Hon’ble Chief Minister of Kerala. The amount was collected from the staff of the CMFRI Headquarters in Kochi and its other two research centres located in Kerala, namely, Vizhinjam and Calicut.
CMFRI’s Ockhi Relief Fund Handed over to Tamil Nadu Chief Minister
The staff of the Madras, Mandapam and Tuticorin Research Centres of the ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) contributed one day’s salary – an amount of Rs 1, 90, 566/- towards the relief fund for the Cyclone Ockhi affected fishers. The Scientists in Charge of the three Research Centres handed over the amount to Shri Edappadi K Palaniswami, Hon’ble Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on 27th February 2018.
Workshop on MSC certification: Stakeholders prioritize 10 marine fisheries from India
A stakeholder workshop held at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) on 5th April 2018 prioritized 10 marine fisheries from India as the targeted fishery for securing the eco-labelling certification of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), London, considering their commercial value in overseas markets.
Blue swimming crab caught in gillnet from Mandapam, Tamil Nadu; shrimp by trawl from Kollam; red ring shrimp by trawl from Kollam; squid by trawl from Kollam; flower shrimp by trawl from Mandapam; cuttlefish by trawl from Kollam; lobster by trap from Nagercoil and Kanyakumari; skipjack tuna by hook and line from Lakshadweep; Japanese threadfin bream by trawl from the south west coast are the ten fisheries identified by a panel of stakeholders in India’s marine fisheries sector. The panel includes marine scientists, seafood exporters, retailers and fishermen. The panel also decided to start fishery improvement projects (FIPs) for these fisheries under regular stakeholder consultations. A slew of strategies was also formulated by the stakeholders for securing the MSC certification, a necessary endorsement for enhanced access in overseas market.
The workshop was jointly organized by the CMFRI, MSC and the World Wildlife Fund–India (WWF). The meet was chaired by Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI. During the discussion, the stakehoders agreed that unanimous efforts are required to implement the fishery improvement plans to secure the eco-labelling certification. Speakers at the stakeholders meet highlighted that over exploitation and unregulated fishing were the major issues which should be controlled to maintain the sustainability of marine fisheries in India. Stressing the need for regular consultation of stakeholders, they called for self-imposed regulations to curb over exploitation and juvenile fishing.
Dr Yemi Oloruntuyi, Head, Developing World Programmes of the MSC, who was the chief guest at the workshop said: “Self-imposed regulations are need of the hour for maintaining sustainability of fish stocks, reducing environmental impacts and ensuring effective management of the fisheries.” She also said that maintaining sustainability of fisheries was crucial to increasing their acceptability among overseas markets. “Today, it is increasingly a risky a business to sell seafood products that are not sustainable”, she said.
“Sustainability provides competitive advantage creating opportunity for well-managed fisheries. The concept behind eco-labelling is to harness consumer power to usher in positive change in the fisheries sector. The environmental benefits of eco-labelling include improved sustainability of fish stocks, reduced bycatch, improvement of habitat and ecosystem, increased compliance with regulations and ecosystem-based management”, Yemi said adding that currently 28 per cent of fisheries are over exploited.
‘Sustainable Seafood Network’ Launched
A ‘Sustainable Seafood Network’ of 12 members representing CMFRI, CIFT, MPEDA, seafood industry, retailers, trawlers, traditional fishermen and NGO was also launched to accelerate the measures for maintaining sustainable practices in seafood industry. Dr Sunil Mohammed is the chairman of the Network.
Presenting a roadmap towards securing MSC certification, Dr Sunil Mohammed, Principal Scientist of CMFRI said the certification would bring in enhanced economic opportunities and market access for the fishing industry of the country, in addition to enhanced international reputation for the quality of Indian fishery management. “The eco-labelling certification will boost India’s share of seafood export which is currently 4%. It will help the fishery fetch a well-accepted markets in European and North American countries”, he said.
REPORT ON A GIANT HUMPHEAD WRASSE BROUGHT TO VIZHINJAM MARINE RESEARCH AQUARIUM
On 5th April early morning hours, a group of fishermen accidently caught a fish weighing 25kg (Humphead wrasse belonging to the species Cheilinus undulates). It is one of the largest specimens caught and kept live in India.
The fish is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red list and in Appendix II of CITES but it is not listed in Wild Life Protection Act. The humphead wrasse is the largest living member of the family Labridae. Males are typically larger than females and are capable of reaching lengths of up to 2 meters from tip to tail and weighing up to 180 kg. The humphead wrasse is long-lived, but has a very slow breeding rate. Individuals become sexually mature at four to six years, and females are known to live for around 50 years, whereas males live a slightly shorter 45 years.
The information was brought to the notice of CMFRI Vizhinjam Centre by the fishermen and it was badly injured, and they were instructed to keep it in a cage in the raft system floating in the Vizhinjam Bay. From cage fish was brought to the Centre with all necessary precaution and stocked in a 5 Ton Tank with continuous aeration. The fish was found badly injured behind the pectoral region and it was struggling for life. The help of local veterinarian was sought, and Dr. Abhilash A.K., Veterinary Surgeon of Vizhinjam Govt. Veterinary Hospital readily accepted to come and he rushed to the Centre with all the necessary medicines and materials. By the time he reached the Centre, the fish was floating at the surface without balance, gasping for life. He inspected the fish and stitched the wound which took about one hour and fish was treated with antibiotic injections. Now the fish is recovering slowly under the treatment and care of CMFRI staff. Once it is recovered fully, it will be displayed in marine aquarium for creating awareness among public regarding this endangered species.
Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Home (Rural), Govt. of Maharashtra Visits CMFRI
Shri Deepak Kesarkar, Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Home (Rural), Government of Maharashtra visited the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI), Kochi on 20th April 2018. He interacted with the CMFRI scientists to find ways and means to develop agriculture and allied sectors of Sindhudurg district, Maharashtra.
The Minister sought the technical support of the ICAR-CMFRI for scaling up the farming technologies such as - cage culture in brackishwater which has already been proven success by the CMFRI in other states; mussel and oyster farming; establishment of a multi-species hatchery for finfishes, crabs and molluscs; development and technology for the coastal fishermen emulating the model of ‘mKrishi’ mobile App; preventing other state trawlers in Maharashtra territorial waters; and skill development programme for Sindhudurg fishermen and farmers.
Assuring all sorts of support such as financial, logistics and manpower to the ICAR-CMFRI, he requested the Institute to submit a comprehensive project proposal regarding the fulfilment of the above mentioned technological requirements. As a first step in this regard, the Mariculture Division of the ICAR-CMFRI gave an assurance to the Minister that a skill development programme will be organised for 50 fishermen or farmers at Sindhudurg district during May or June in 2018 with the financial support of the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB).
The Minister lauded the Institute for its great achievements in the areas of marine capture fisheries and mariculture.
Representing the ICAR-CMFRI, Dr G Maheshwarudu, Principal Scientist and Head, Crustacean Fisheries Division; Dr K Sunil Mohammed, Principal Scientist and Head, Molluscan Fisheries Division; Dr Imelda Joseph, Principal Scientist and Head-in-Charge, Mariculture Division; Dr P Vijayagopal, Principal Scientst and Head-in-Charge of Marine Biotechnology Division; and Dr Boby Ignatius, Principal Scientist and HRD Cell in Charge were present during the discussion with the Minister.
Maharashtra seeks CMFRI’s support for large-scale cage fish farming
The Maharashtra government has sought technical support of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) for starting large-scale cage fish farming ventures.
In a meeting held at the headquarters of CMFRI in Kochi on 3rd May 2018, Deepak Kesarkar, Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Home (Rural) of Maharashtra requested the CMFRI authorities to provide technical guidance to Maharashtra to launch 500 cage fish farming units in the brackishwater resources of the Sindhudurg district. Sindhudurg, a coastal district in Maharashtra, has rich brackishwater resources.
The minister said that the Maharashtra government would provide financial support to the CMFRI to help the State implement a suitable cage farming model to the ecological and geographical conditions of the brackishwater resources in the Sindhudurg district. “The cage farming models being implemented by the CMFRI in Pizhala in Ernakulam district and in the various parts of Manglore are highly successful. Maharashtra government is much eager to emulate such models in Sindhudurg district too as a better livelihood option for the coastal people”, Deepak Kesarkar said.
As per the decision taken in the meeting between Maharashtra minister and his team with CMFRI authorities, a team from the Mariculture Division of the CMFRI will visit Sindhudurg district to assess the ecological condition and carrying capacity of the water bodies prior to the launch of cage fish farming. The CMFRI team will also select ideal spots and suitable species for the farming. The CMFRI will soon submit a detailed project proposal to the Maharashtra government after reviewing environmental and geographical aspects of the region.
Leena Bansod, Joint Managing Director of Maharashtra Small Scale Industries Corporation, who accompanied the minister to CMFRI visited the cage farming sites in Pizhala, an island village in Ernakulam district. She interacted with the farmers in the sites and invited them to Maharashtra to share their experiences with the farmers there so as to encourage them to take up cage fish farming enterprises.
In addition to the cage fish farming, the Maharashtra minister also wanted the CMFRI to provide technical support to set up backyard hatchery units of cobia and silver pompano in the district to boost the farming ventures. He further requested the institute to help formulating fishing regulation for Maharashtra and to provide technical support to oyster and mussel farming. Deepak Kesarkar also sought CMFRI’s guidance to establish small scale units for the depuration of oyster and mussel, besides setting up seed production units of the bivalve.
N Vasudevan, Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Maharashtra also accompanied the minister. Representing the CMFRI, Dr Imelda Joseph, Head of the Mariculture Division; Dr T V Sathianandan, Head of the Fishery Resources Assessment Division; Dr K K Joshi, Head of Marine Biodiversity Division; Dr P U Zacharia, Head of Demersal Fisheries Division; Dr A P Dineshbabu, Principal Scientist and Dr C Ramachandran, Principal Scientist attended the meeting.
Deepak Kesarkar, Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Home (Rural) of Maharashtra during the meeting with the CMFRI authorities at CMFRI headquarters in Kochi
Leena Bansod, Joint Managing Director of Maharashtra Small Scale Industries Corporation visiting cage fish farming sites in Pizhala, an island village in Ernakulam district, Kerala
Union Minster of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Krishna Raj visits ICAR- CMFRI
Smt. Krishna Raj, Hon’ble Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare visited the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi (ICAR-CMFRI) on 29th May 2018. During an interface meeting with the scientists of the CMFRI, she urged them to promote seaweed farming which, according to her, has multi-dimensional industrial prospects.
According to the minister, seaweed cultivation will greatly be beneficial to the development of various nutraceutical products, medicines and cosmetic products. “Promotion of seaweed farming will also help increase the income of fishermen. It will help them fetch more income so as to improve their livelihood. Marine scientists should intensify research to boost seaweed cultivation in Indian waters”, she said.
The minister also said that small scale entrepreneurship should be promoted in fisheries to improve the living standards of fishermen and fish farmers. “Village level campaigns are required to create awareness among the fishermen and farmers about the prospects of entrepreneurship in fisheries sector. Women empowerment could be made possible by encouraging them take up entrepreneurial initiatives”, Smt Krishna Raj said.
She called upon the scientists to implement innovative and diversified farming practices to woo more people into fish farming. The minister also stressed the need for upgrading the living status of fishermen and fish farmers into that of industrialists.
The minister visited the National Marine Biodiversity Museum and the research laboratories at the CMFRI. Dr K K Joshi, Head of the Marine Biodiversity Division, Dr T V Sathianandan, Head of the Fishery Resources Assessment Division and Dr Shyam S Salim, Principal Scientist spoke on the occasion.