It gives me great pleasure to share with you a draft copy of the book ‘Indian Marine Fisheries Code: Guidance on a Marine Fisheries Management Model for India’ jointly produced by the Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR-CIFT) and the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI). Scientists of CMFRI and CIFT have come together to provide guidance on how the FAO’s 1995 Code of Conduct of Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) can be operationalized in India.
I request you to kindly read the book and provide your valuable comments on the concepts and implementation plan provided in the book. In order to make your job easier, we are providing a brief questionnaire which you could answer in a simple yes/no format. If, however, you feel strongly about some points you could also write in comments in detail or directly email me the comments. We are also providing a return-addressed stamped envelope through which you could return the comments. We would very much appreciate receiving your comments within 3 weeks of receipt of this book.
I hope that you would be able to comply with our request in spite of your busy schedule in the interest of sustainability of marine fisheries of the country. Looking forward to hearing from you at the earliest.
Eligibility: Student must be pursuing postgraduate courses from a recognized University/ Institute /college in the relevant area. To be eligible, applicants should have maintained consistently good academic record (70% and above for general category; 65% and above for OBC/MBC/DNC/BC; 60% and above for SC/ST candidates) in all their papers. Only Indian nationals studying in Indian universities are eligible. Mere fulfilling of eligibility criteria is no guarantee for selection.
Duration of study and attendance: Students admitted will be required to work fulltime at CMFRI for a minimum period of (a) 60 working days for MSc. Full Attendance is mandatory for issuing project completion certificate.
Selection: Intake of students under this program will be made four times a year (Jan/April/July/October). Students can apply through the link available in the CMFRI website (www.cmfri.org.in). Selected candidates will be duly informed through their institutions six week before the start of the programme. Upon intimation, candidates must submit a declaration of acceptance duly endorsed by the head of their institution.
Students must choose their field study for dissertation programme. Each student can give only 2 preferences.
Criteria for selection include academic accomplishments primarily and availability of slots with scientists for accommodating additional candidates. Students will be governed by the rules of CMFRI prevailing at that point of time. Any action in case of indiscipline/untoward incident in the campus will be as per decisions by CMFRI administration.
Fee: The fee structures are as follows:
1. Project work for a period of three months (not less than 60 working days). Applicable to students of MSc: Rs 20,000.
2. Project work for a period of six months (not less than 125 working days). Rs 30,000
Candidates should pay the prescribed fee at the time of joining. The fee in the form of a demand draft drawn in favour of “Director, CMFRI” payable at Ernakulam in any nationalized bank.
Students applying from Institutions having Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with CMFRI shall be dealt with according to the conditions in the MoU
Accommodation: No hostel accommodation will be provided by CMFRI. Selected candidates may make their own arrangements for food and accommodation. However, during working days students may make use of CMFRI departmental canteen for lunch/tea/snacks on payment basis.
How to apply: Students can apply online by filling the online application form. Recommendation letter from the college and a brief biodata containing educational details and other achievements should also be attached along with application form
The decisions about the selection will be final and no correspondence will be entertained in this regard.
ICAR-CMFRI Celebrates National Fish Farmer’s Day
On the occasion, the Karwar Research Centre of ICAR-CMFRI conducted harvest mela of cage farming of seabass to mark the National Fish Farmer’s Day. The mela was conducted at Nagnathwada, a small fishermen village at Karwar, Uttara Kannada. Around 200 kg of seabass were harvested from the cage on the day after a farming period of four months. The fishermen group in the region had been trained to conduct cage farming of seabass by the CMFRI Centre. The fishermen involved in the cage farming were felicitated during the function.
Maharashtra seeks CMFRI’s support for large-scale cage fish farming
The Maharashtra government has sought technical support of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) for starting large-scale cage fish farming ventures.
In a meeting held at the headquarters of CMFRI in Kochi on 3rd May 2018, Deepak Kesarkar, Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Home (Rural) of Maharashtra requested the CMFRI authorities to provide technical guidance to Maharashtra to launch 500 cage fish farming units in the brackishwater resources of the Sindhudurg district. Sindhudurg, a coastal district in Maharashtra, has rich brackishwater resources.
The minister said that the Maharashtra government would provide financial support to the CMFRI to help the State implement a suitable cage farming model to the ecological and geographical conditions of the brackishwater resources in the Sindhudurg district. “The cage farming models being implemented by the CMFRI in Pizhala in Ernakulam district and in the various parts of Manglore are highly successful. Maharashtra government is much eager to emulate such models in Sindhudurg district too as a better livelihood option for the coastal people”, Deepak Kesarkar said.
As per the decision taken in the meeting between Maharashtra minister and his team with CMFRI authorities, a team from the Mariculture Division of the CMFRI will visit Sindhudurg district to assess the ecological condition and carrying capacity of the water bodies prior to the launch of cage fish farming. The CMFRI team will also select ideal spots and suitable species for the farming. The CMFRI will soon submit a detailed project proposal to the Maharashtra government after reviewing environmental and geographical aspects of the region.
Leena Bansod, Joint Managing Director of Maharashtra Small Scale Industries Corporation, who accompanied the minister to CMFRI visited the cage farming sites in Pizhala, an island village in Ernakulam district. She interacted with the farmers in the sites and invited them to Maharashtra to share their experiences with the farmers there so as to encourage them to take up cage fish farming enterprises.
In addition to the cage fish farming, the Maharashtra minister also wanted the CMFRI to provide technical support to set up backyard hatchery units of cobia and silver pompano in the district to boost the farming ventures. He further requested the institute to help formulating fishing regulation for Maharashtra and to provide technical support to oyster and mussel farming. Deepak Kesarkar also sought CMFRI’s guidance to establish small scale units for the depuration of oyster and mussel, besides setting up seed production units of the bivalve.
N Vasudevan, Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Maharashtra also accompanied the minister. Representing the CMFRI, Dr Imelda Joseph, Head of the Mariculture Division; Dr T V Sathianandan, Head of the Fishery Resources Assessment Division; Dr K K Joshi, Head of Marine Biodiversity Division; Dr P U Zacharia, Head of Demersal Fisheries Division; Dr A P Dineshbabu, Principal Scientist and Dr C Ramachandran, Principal Scientist attended the meeting.
Deepak Kesarkar, Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Home (Rural) of Maharashtra during the meeting with the CMFRI authorities at CMFRI headquarters in Kochi
Leena Bansod, Joint Managing Director of Maharashtra Small Scale Industries Corporation visiting cage fish farming sites in Pizhala, an island village in Ernakulam district, Kerala
Union Minster of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Krishna Raj visits ICAR- CMFRI
Smt. Krishna Raj, Hon’ble Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare visited the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi (ICAR-CMFRI) on 29th May 2018. During an interface meeting with the scientists of the CMFRI, she urged them to promote seaweed farming which, according to her, has multi-dimensional industrial prospects.
According to the minister, seaweed cultivation will greatly be beneficial to the development of various nutraceutical products, medicines and cosmetic products. “Promotion of seaweed farming will also help increase the income of fishermen. It will help them fetch more income so as to improve their livelihood. Marine scientists should intensify research to boost seaweed cultivation in Indian waters”, she said.
The minister also said that small scale entrepreneurship should be promoted in fisheries to improve the living standards of fishermen and fish farmers. “Village level campaigns are required to create awareness among the fishermen and farmers about the prospects of entrepreneurship in fisheries sector. Women empowerment could be made possible by encouraging them take up entrepreneurial initiatives”, Smt Krishna Raj said.
She called upon the scientists to implement innovative and diversified farming practices to woo more people into fish farming. The minister also stressed the need for upgrading the living status of fishermen and fish farmers into that of industrialists.
The minister visited the National Marine Biodiversity Museum and the research laboratories at the CMFRI. Dr K K Joshi, Head of the Marine Biodiversity Division, Dr T V Sathianandan, Head of the Fishery Resources Assessment Division and Dr Shyam S Salim, Principal Scientist spoke on the occasion.
The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi released the Marine Fish Landings Data -2017 in India on 26th June 2017. According to the data, India’s marine fish production is showing a sign of revival with the annual marine fish landings in 2017 registering 5.6% increase compared to the previous year.
The total marine fish landings in India (excluding Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands) in 2017 was 3.83 million tonnes, with Gujarat remaining at the top position for the fifth consecutive year with contributing 7.86 lakh tonnes (20.5% of total landings) followed by Tamil Nadu and Kerala. This is the highest catch after a record-high landings in 2012. Marine fish landings improved in all the maritime states other than Tamil Nadu and a palpable dip in the UTs of Puducherry and Daman & Diu. Revival of oil sardine in the western coastal states especially in Kerala played a major role in improving the country’s marine fish production this time. However, the east coast witnessed a decline in the oil sardine catch with 83% drop in Andhra Pradesh and 36% in Tamil Nadu compared to 2016. A total of 788 marine fish species were landed this time along the Indian coast with maximum numbers landed along the Tamil Nadu coast followed by Kerala and Maharashtra.
Oil sardine tops
Indian oil sardine, which was showing a decreasing trend for the past few years, topped the list of marine fishery resources this time with a landing of 3.37 lakh tonnes (8.8% of total landings) registering an increase of 38% all over India. Indian mackerel, ribbon fishes, lesser sardines, penaeid prawns and non-penaeid prawns are the other major resources with respective landings of 2.88 lakh tonnes (7.5%), 2.39 lakh tonnes (6.2%), 2.27 lakh tonnes (5.9%), 2.1 lakh tonnes (5.5%) and 2.03 lakh tonnes (5.3%).
In what must come as a good news to Kerala, the landings of oil sardine recorded a massive increase of 176% in the state compared to the catch in 2016 which was the record-lowest within the last two decades. In all India level, catch of Indian mackerel also increased whereas the landings of Hilsa shad, threadfin breams and tuna dropped this year. Significant increase of mackerel was recorded in the West Bengal, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra.
Resurgence of oil sardine fishery helped Kerala attain an increase of nearly 12% in the marine fish landings with a total catch of 5.85 lakh tonnes against 5.23 lakh tonnes in 2016. Oil sardine catch went up to 1.27 lakh tonnes from a mere 45,958 tonnes in 2016, a three-time hike. With this, Kerala secured third position behind Gujarat and Tamil Nadu in the total marine fish landings of the country. The state was in the fourth spot last time. The other major resources appeared in the topmost list were penaeid prawns (43,468 t), scads (43,463 t), cephalopods (43,213 t) and threadfin breams (41, 841 t). Catch of ribbon fishes increased nearly 63% in Kerala with a landing of 20,729 tonnes which also helped the state to improve its total marine fish production this year.
However, even as the landings of Indian mackerel increased by 39% in all India level, Kerala recorded 29% drop in mackerel catch this year. Apart from oil sardine and ribbonfish, catch of prawns, threadfin breams and squids also increased in the state compared to the previous year, whereas scads, seer fish, anchovies, soles and red snapper decreased along with Indian mackerel. Though Karnataka was placed in the fourth spot in national level, the region recorded a historical high landings this time with an increased catch of Bullseye. A substantial increase of marine fish landings was experienced in Goa (64%), West Bengal (33%) and Maharashtra (30%).
The Cyclone Ockhi that hit during the end of 2017 had a devastating effect on the marine fisheries sectors of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Kerala suffered an estimated drop of around 35,000 tonnes of fish due to Ockhi disaster in December 2017 with an estimated economic loss of Rs 585 crore at landing centre level and Rs 821 crore in retail level. Compared to the previous year, 57% fishing efforts were reduced owing to the cyclone which caused the loss in December last year.
8.3% increase in value of fish
The estimate of the value of marine fish landings based on price at landing centres across the country during 2017 was Rs 52,431 crores, with an increase of 8.4% compared to 2016. The unit price per kg of fish at landing centre was Rs.137 (5.6% increase over 2016). At the retail level, the estimated value of marine fish was Rs. 78,408 crores (7% increase over 2016). The unit price at the retail market level was Rs.204 (4.2% increase over 2016).
According to Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI, the present marine fish catch is the second historical highest in India. “The upsurge in the marine fish production is a promising trend and it is observed that some new resources are emerging as the major fishery in many maritime states. For example, the continuing trend of increased landings of bullseye (unnimary in local parlance) in Karnataka helped the state to record its highest landings ever. The landing data also shows that the recent fishing regulations such as Minimum Legal Size (MLS) and other regulatory measures suggested by the CMFRI have greatly helped Kerala and other maritime states to improve their fishery”, Dr Gopalakrishnan said.
The Fishery Resources Assessment Division of the CMFRI estimated the annual marine fish landings of the country. Dr T V Sathianandan, Head, Fishery Resources Assessment Division, presented the findings. Dr K Sunil Mohamed, Dr G Maheshwarudu, Dr P U Zacharia, Dr E M Abdussamad and Dr C Ramachandran also attended the function.
ICAR Short Course on Application of Advanced Molecular Methods in Marine Fishery Resource Management, Conservation and Sustainable Mariculture
He expressed his willingness to have a coordinated effort to double farmers’ income through integrated approach and added that scientists should work hand in hand with the field level beneficiaries to attain the goal.
Shri Radha Mohan Singh also felt the need for organizing hands-on-training on marine ornamental fish keeping and rearing to the self-help groups from coastal districts of maritime States. In addition, seaweed farming andIntegrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) which are highly prospective shouldbe popularized, he said.
The minister reviewed the progress of research and development activities being carried out by the CMFRI Centre. Dr. A. Gopalakrishnan, Director,ICAR-CMFRI explained the achievements and progress made by the institute in promoting mariculture as an alternative livelihood option for the fisher-folk.The meeting was also attended by Dr J. K. Jena, Deputy Director General(Fisheries Science), ICAR; Smt. I. Rani Kumudini, IAS, Chief Executive, NFDB,Hyderabad; Dr. Paul Pandian, Fishery Development Commissioner, DAHDF, NewDelhi; Shri. S. Natarajan, IAS, District Collector, Ramanathapuram and Dr. G.S.Sameeran, IAS, Director of Fisheries, Govt. of Tamil Nadu.
The minister also visited various facilities of the Centre viz., marine finfish hatchery complex,national marine brood bank and sea cage farm. During the visit, he had an interaction with the fishermen self help groups involved in sea cage farmingand distributed seeds of silver pompano and cobia for sea cage farming.
Shri Radha Mohan Singh chaired the inter session meeting of the consultative committee of the Agriculture Ministry on Marine Fisheries and Mariculture in India held at Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu on 2nd July2018.