DBT Sponsored National Training in Molecular Biology & Biotechnology for Fisheries Professionals
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It gives me great pleasure to share with you a draft copy of the book ‘Indian Marine Fisheries Code: Guidance on a Marine Fisheries Management Model for India’ jointly produced by the Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR-CIFT) and the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI). Scientists of CMFRI and CIFT have come together to provide guidance on how the FAO’s 1995 Code of Conduct of Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) can be operationalized in India.
I request you to kindly read the book and provide your valuable comments on the concepts and implementation plan provided in the book. In order to make your job easier, we are providing a brief questionnaire which you could answer in a simple yes/no format. If, however, you feel strongly about some points you could also write in comments in detail or directly email me the comments. We are also providing a return-addressed stamped envelope through which you could return the comments. We would very much appreciate receiving your comments within 3 weeks of receipt of this book.
I hope that you would be able to comply with our request in spite of your busy schedule in the interest of sustainability of marine fisheries of the country. Looking forward to hearing from you at the earliest.
ICAR- CMFRI trains tribal people in cage fish farming
Aimed at uplifting the living standards of the tribes, the ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR- CMFRI) extended technical support in cage farming to around 35 tribal families in T V Puram panchayat in Vaikom, Kottayam. The initiative was part of CMFRI’s project for popularising the less expensive fish farming method among the tribal colonies across the coastal states under the Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
A team under the leadership of Dr K Madhu, Principal Scientist and Chairman of the TSP at CMFRI provided skill development programme to the tribes equipping them to set up small-scale cage fish farming units in brackishwater ecosystem. The training included guidance on budgeting, site selection for the farming, suitable fish species identification, cage fabrication, feed management, farming procedures, harvesting and fish trade along with practical and hands-on trainings. The tribes were also provided opportunity to visit the cage fish farming sites in Nettoor being led by various farmer groups under the guidance of CMFRI and to clear their doubts on the farming methods.
The technical support is aimed at socio-economic empowerment of tribal people taking up cage fish farming as an alternate livelihood option. Dr K Madhu handed over a cage prior to the launch of the farming. In accordance with the progress of the farming, more cages, fish lingers, feeds and other services will be provided to the tribal people in the area.
The farming will be carried out under the guidance of a CMFRI team from the beginning to the end. The institute will help the tribes to become entrepreneurs through small-scale cage farming units under various groups.
Cage fish farming is a less expensive but more productive fish farming model. It has proved 70 times more productive than the normal methods of the fish farming practices. Conventional pond culture of marine fishes produces an average 0.5 kg/m3 (5000 kg/ha) whereas cage farming offers a production of 35 kg/m3 .
The training programme, which was conducted at the HDPI Colony in TV Puram panchayat in Vaikom, was inaugurated by Sebastian Antony, panchayat president. A team from the Mariculture division of the CMFRI which included Dr K Madhu, Dr Boby Ignatius, Dr Rema Madhu, Dr N Rajesh, N Venugopal and M P Vijayan led the skill development programme.
Eligibility: Student must be pursuing postgraduate courses from a recognized University/ Institute /college in the relevant area. To be eligible, applicants should have maintained consistently good academic record (70% and above for general category; 65% and above for OBC/MBC/DNC/BC; 60% and above for SC/ST candidates) in all their papers. Only Indian nationals studying in Indian universities are eligible. Mere fulfilling of eligibility criteria is no guarantee for selection.
Duration of study and attendance: Students admitted will be required to work fulltime at CMFRI for a minimum period of (a) 60 working days for MSc. Full Attendance is mandatory for issuing project completion certificate.
Selection: Intake of students under this program will be made four times a year (Jan/April/July/October). Students can apply through the link available in the CMFRI website (www.cmfri.org.in). Selected candidates will be duly informed through their institutions six week before the start of the programme. Upon intimation, candidates must submit a declaration of acceptance duly endorsed by the head of their institution.
Students must choose their field study for dissertation programme. Each student can give only 2 preferences.
Criteria for selection include academic accomplishments primarily and availability of slots with scientists for accommodating additional candidates. Students will be governed by the rules of CMFRI prevailing at that point of time. Any action in case of indiscipline/untoward incident in the campus will be as per decisions by CMFRI administration.
Fee: The fee structures are as follows:
1. Project work for a period of three months (not less than 60 working days). Applicable to students of MSc: Rs 20,000.
2. Project work for a period of six months (not less than 125 working days). Rs 30,000
Candidates should pay the prescribed fee at the time of joining. The fee in the form of a demand draft drawn in favour of “Director, CMFRI” payable at Ernakulam in any nationalized bank.
Students applying from Institutions having Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with CMFRI shall be dealt with according to the conditions in the MoU
Accommodation: No hostel accommodation will be provided by CMFRI. Selected candidates may make their own arrangements for food and accommodation. However, during working days students may make use of CMFRI departmental canteen for lunch/tea/snacks on payment basis.
How to apply: Students can apply online by filling the online application form. Recommendation letter from the college and a brief biodata containing educational details and other achievements should also be attached along with application form
The decisions about the selection will be final and no correspondence will be entertained in this regard.
CMFRI hands over Ockhi relief fund to Kerala Chief Minister
The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has donated Rs 4.53 lakh to the Kerala State’s Cyclone Ockhi special relief fund. Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of the CMFRI handed over a cheque of the amount to Shri Pinarayai Vijayan, Hon’ble Chief Minister of Kerala. The amount was collected from the staff of the CMFRI Headquarters in Kochi and its other two research centres located in Kerala, namely, Vizhinjam and Calicut.
CMFRI’s Ockhi Relief Fund Handed over to Tamil Nadu Chief Minister
The staff of the Madras, Mandapam and Tuticorin Research Centres of the ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) contributed one day’s salary – an amount of Rs 1, 90, 566/- towards the relief fund for the Cyclone Ockhi affected fishers. The Scientists in Charge of the three Research Centres handed over the amount to Shri Edappadi K Palaniswami, Hon’ble Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on 27th February 2018.
CMFRI Receives ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’ Award
Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI) received the prestigious ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’ award from Shri Radha Mohan Singh, Hon’ble Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare at a function in New Delhi. The CMFRI grabbed second prize in national level among the institutes functioning under Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in recognition of its success implementation of swachh bharat activities across the country by introducing innovative methods last year. The Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation (ISSWC) in Dehradun got the first prize in the category.
During the previous year, ICAR-CMFRI had formulated a swachhata action plan in public-private partnership which included treatment of wastes, usage of eco-friendly technologies, awareness in health and yoga, ensuring public participation in cleanliness drives, campaigns against plastic usage, measures for water conservation and awareness on plastic wastes in coastal water bodies etc.
Moreover, the setting up of ‘Fish Cemetery’, an art installation to create awareness about the danger of dumping plastic wastes into sea, helped the institute win the prestigious award considering it as an innovative method.
In addition, ICAR-CMFRI had launched cleanliness drive in the premises of major fishing harbours and the beaches across the country by ensuring public participation. Besides the Kochi centre, the cleanliness drive was carried out by all regional research centres of the CMFRI located in various parts of the country, viz Veraval, Mumbai, Karwar, Visakhapatnam, Mandapam, Tuticorin, Chennai, Mangalore, Calicut and Vizhinjam.
Dr Shyam S Salim, Principal Scientist, is the swachh bharat nodal officer of ICAR- CMFRI.
Visit of Smt. I. Rani Kumudini, IAS, Chief Executive, National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), Hyderabad to the ICAR-CMFRI Mandapam Regional Centre
Smt. I. Rani Kumudini, IAS, Chief Executive, NFDB, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India visited Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI on 12th and 13th March, 2018. She reviewed the progress of NFDB project on ‘Enhancing production of farmed Cobia Rachycentron canadum through the establishment of broodbank and supply of larvae to States for seed production’ on 12th March 2018. She visited the marine finfish broodbank, RAS and hatchery facilities viz., algal stock culture, rotifer culture, silver pompano and marine ornamental larviculture facilities. Dr. A. K. Abdul Nazar, Scientist-in-Charge explained the activities of the centre. She also visited the marine reef aquarium and museum facilities. Shri. S. Natarajan, District Collector, Ramanathapuram also graced the occasion.
On13th March 2018, about five lakhs numbers Penaeus semisulcatus shrimp (flower iral) seeds of PL 30 stage were sea ranched at Thonithurai, Gulf of Mannar region by Smt. I. Rani Kumudini, IAS, Chief Executive, NFDB in the presence of Dr. S. Felix, Vice Chancellor, Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, Shri. Issac Jayakumar, Deputy Director of Fisheries, Ramanathapuram, Dr. A. K. Abdul Nazar, Scientist-in-Charge and Scientists of ICAR-CMFRI, Mandapam. Fishermen from Mandapam region actively involved in releasing of shrimp seeds. She also had interaction with fishermen and fisherwomen self help groups on implementation of sea cage farming. She appreciated the Scientist-in-Charge and staff of Mandapam Regional Centre for the excellent work.
One-day workshop on seaweed culture
Synd Rural Self Employment Training Institute (SyndRSETI) in association with Mangalore RC of ICAR-CMFRI and Department of fisheries, Udupi organised a one-day workshop on seaweed culture at Manipal, Udupi District on 26 February, 2018. Nearly 37 participants were trained on various aspects of seaweeds by ICAR-CMFRI scientist.
Stakeholders meeting, Karnataka
The Research Centre of ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Mangalore in collaboration with Karnataka State Fisheries Department organized a stakeholders meeting where the key partners of marine fisheries came together on 2nd March 2018 at Taluk Panchayat Office, Udupi. Shri. Pramodh Madhvaraj, Minister for Fisheries and Youth services & Sports, Karnataka State inaugurated and presided over the function. The concept of EAFM was introduced on this occasion for conservation of marine fishery resources in the state
Climate Smart Village (CSV) concept under NICRA project
Alivekodi Village under Paduvari Grama Panchayat in Udupi district was adopted to upgrade it to a “Climate Smart Village (CSV) under NICRA project. A preliminary meeting in this connection was held on March 7, 2018, in Sri Rama Bhajana Mandira, Tharapathi, Alvaekodi village at 10.30 am. The programme aims at creating awareness on alternate livelihood options, facilitating sustainable growth in agriculture and allied sectors such as fisheries, poultry, goat farming etc., for improving the socio-economic status of the coastal population, while building resilience to current climatic variability and future climate change.
Global Recognition for CMFRI Scientist
Dr Shyam S Salim elected as regular executive member of the US headquartered International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET)
Dr Shyam S Salim, Principal Scientist at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has been elected as regular executive member of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET) based in Oregon State University, USA. The IIFET, which is a global organization consisting more than 700 members from over 65 countries around the world, provides an international forum for the exchange of research, information, and ideas on the economics of fisheries management, seafood trade, and aquaculture.
Dr Shyam, an expert in fisheries economics at the CMFRI, was elected to post in recognition of his research and development initiatives in areas such as marine fisheries economics, domestic marketing, international trade, climate change, women empowerment, policy research and management.
Awareness programme on Marine life conservation at Panchayat Union Middle School, Gandhi Nagar, Mandapam
As part of a series of conservation and awareness programme on marine life; a drawing competition was conducted for the students of Panchayat Union Middle School at Gandhi Nagar, Mandapam. A total of 114 students from 1st to 8th standard have participated in the competition. On 4th April 2018 alongside of the annual day function of the school; trophies and certificates were distributed for the best drawings and certificate of participation to all the student participants. The Headmistress M.Umadevi welcomed the gathering. Dr. R.Jayakumar, Senior Scientist of the Mandapam Regional Centre of CMFRI has presided over the function and distributed prizes to the students. Scientists Dr. G.Tamilmani, Dr. K.K. Anikuttan and Mr. S.Thirumalaiselvan from Mandapam Regional Centre also took part in the event. This event was organized by Dr. R. Saravanan, Scientist, Marine biodiversity division, Mandapam Regional Centre of CMFRI.
International Workshop on Fisheries and Aquaculture Concludes
The international training cum workshop for representatives from 13 member countries of the African Asian Rural Development Organisation (AARDO) organised by the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) concluded on 28th March 2018.
The programme was part of an international collaboration between the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India and the AARDO.
Representatives from Taiwan, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Sudan, Tunisia, Malaysia, Malawi, Libya, Mauritius and Bangladesh attended the 15-day workshop which began April 14. The participants were imparted training in areas such as marine fisheries assessment, fish stock estimation, marine fisheries environment, impact of climate change on fisheries, responsible fisheries and mariculture activities like cage farming, along with practical sessions.
Dr G Maheshwarudu, Head of the Crustacean Fisheries Division of CMFRI presided over the valedictory function. Dr Imelda Joseph and Dr Somy Kuriakose spoke.
The African Asian Rural Development Organisation (AARDO) is an inter-governmental organisation in the field of agricultural and rural development with its headquarters in New Delhi. Currently 32 member countries from Africa and Asia are part of AARDO.
The Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, is providing additional technical contribution for the AARDO at the premier agricultural/rural management institutions in the country for the larger benefits of its member countries.
Workshop on MSC certification: Stakeholders prioritize 10 marine fisheries from India
A stakeholder workshop held at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) on 5th April 2018 prioritized 10 marine fisheries from India as the targeted fishery for securing the eco-labelling certification of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), London, considering their commercial value in overseas markets.
Blue swimming crab caught in gillnet from Mandapam, Tamil Nadu; shrimp by trawl from Kollam; red ring shrimp by trawl from Kollam; squid by trawl from Kollam; flower shrimp by trawl from Mandapam; cuttlefish by trawl from Kollam; lobster by trap from Nagercoil and Kanyakumari; skipjack tuna by hook and line from Lakshadweep; Japanese threadfin bream by trawl from the south west coast are the ten fisheries identified by a panel of stakeholders in India’s marine fisheries sector. The panel includes marine scientists, seafood exporters, retailers and fishermen. The panel also decided to start fishery improvement projects (FIPs) for these fisheries under regular stakeholder consultations. A slew of strategies was also formulated by the stakeholders for securing the MSC certification, a necessary endorsement for enhanced access in overseas market.
The workshop was jointly organized by the CMFRI, MSC and the World Wildlife Fund–India (WWF). The meet was chaired by Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI. During the discussion, the stakehoders agreed that unanimous efforts are required to implement the fishery improvement plans to secure the eco-labelling certification. Speakers at the stakeholders meet highlighted that over exploitation and unregulated fishing were the major issues which should be controlled to maintain the sustainability of marine fisheries in India. Stressing the need for regular consultation of stakeholders, they called for self-imposed regulations to curb over exploitation and juvenile fishing.
Dr Yemi Oloruntuyi, Head, Developing World Programmes of the MSC, who was the chief guest at the workshop said: “Self-imposed regulations are need of the hour for maintaining sustainability of fish stocks, reducing environmental impacts and ensuring effective management of the fisheries.” She also said that maintaining sustainability of fisheries was crucial to increasing their acceptability among overseas markets. “Today, it is increasingly a risky a business to sell seafood products that are not sustainable”, she said.
“Sustainability provides competitive advantage creating opportunity for well-managed fisheries. The concept behind eco-labelling is to harness consumer power to usher in positive change in the fisheries sector. The environmental benefits of eco-labelling include improved sustainability of fish stocks, reduced bycatch, improvement of habitat and ecosystem, increased compliance with regulations and ecosystem-based management”, Yemi said adding that currently 28 per cent of fisheries are over exploited.
‘Sustainable Seafood Network’ Launched
A ‘Sustainable Seafood Network’ of 12 members representing CMFRI, CIFT, MPEDA, seafood industry, retailers, trawlers, traditional fishermen and NGO was also launched to accelerate the measures for maintaining sustainable practices in seafood industry. Dr Sunil Mohammed is the chairman of the Network.
Presenting a roadmap towards securing MSC certification, Dr Sunil Mohammed, Principal Scientist of CMFRI said the certification would bring in enhanced economic opportunities and market access for the fishing industry of the country, in addition to enhanced international reputation for the quality of Indian fishery management. “The eco-labelling certification will boost India’s share of seafood export which is currently 4%. It will help the fishery fetch a well-accepted markets in European and North American countries”, he said.
REPORT ON A GIANT HUMPHEAD WRASSE BROUGHT TO VIZHINJAM MARINE RESEARCH AQUARIUM
On 5th April early morning hours, a group of fishermen accidently caught a fish weighing 25kg (Humphead wrasse belonging to the species Cheilinus undulates). It is one of the largest specimens caught and kept live in India.
The fish is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red list and in Appendix II of CITES but it is not listed in Wild Life Protection Act. The humphead wrasse is the largest living member of the family Labridae. Males are typically larger than females and are capable of reaching lengths of up to 2 meters from tip to tail and weighing up to 180 kg. The humphead wrasse is long-lived, but has a very slow breeding rate. Individuals become sexually mature at four to six years, and females are known to live for around 50 years, whereas males live a slightly shorter 45 years.
The information was brought to the notice of CMFRI Vizhinjam Centre by the fishermen and it was badly injured, and they were instructed to keep it in a cage in the raft system floating in the Vizhinjam Bay. From cage fish was brought to the Centre with all necessary precaution and stocked in a 5 Ton Tank with continuous aeration. The fish was found badly injured behind the pectoral region and it was struggling for life. The help of local veterinarian was sought, and Dr. Abhilash A.K., Veterinary Surgeon of Vizhinjam Govt. Veterinary Hospital readily accepted to come and he rushed to the Centre with all the necessary medicines and materials. By the time he reached the Centre, the fish was floating at the surface without balance, gasping for life. He inspected the fish and stitched the wound which took about one hour and fish was treated with antibiotic injections. Now the fish is recovering slowly under the treatment and care of CMFRI staff. Once it is recovered fully, it will be displayed in marine aquarium for creating awareness among public regarding this endangered species.
Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Home (Rural), Govt. of Maharashtra Visits CMFRI
Shri Deepak Kesarkar, Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Home (Rural), Government of Maharashtra visited the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI), Kochi on 20th April 2018. He interacted with the CMFRI scientists to find ways and means to develop agriculture and allied sectors of Sindhudurg district, Maharashtra.
The Minister sought the technical support of the ICAR-CMFRI for scaling up the farming technologies such as - cage culture in brackishwater which has already been proven success by the CMFRI in other states; mussel and oyster farming; establishment of a multi-species hatchery for finfishes, crabs and molluscs; development and technology for the coastal fishermen emulating the model of ‘mKrishi’ mobile App; preventing other state trawlers in Maharashtra territorial waters; and skill development programme for Sindhudurg fishermen and farmers.
Assuring all sorts of support such as financial, logistics and manpower to the ICAR-CMFRI, he requested the Institute to submit a comprehensive project proposal regarding the fulfilment of the above mentioned technological requirements. As a first step in this regard, the Mariculture Division of the ICAR-CMFRI gave an assurance to the Minister that a skill development programme will be organised for 50 fishermen or farmers at Sindhudurg district during May or June in 2018 with the financial support of the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB).
The Minister lauded the Institute for its great achievements in the areas of marine capture fisheries and mariculture.
Representing the ICAR-CMFRI, Dr G Maheshwarudu, Principal Scientist and Head, Crustacean Fisheries Division; Dr K Sunil Mohammed, Principal Scientist and Head, Molluscan Fisheries Division; Dr Imelda Joseph, Principal Scientist and Head-in-Charge, Mariculture Division; Dr P Vijayagopal, Principal Scientst and Head-in-Charge of Marine Biotechnology Division; and Dr Boby Ignatius, Principal Scientist and HRD Cell in Charge were present during the discussion with the Minister.