Indian Council of Agricultural Research


Marine fish production of India down by 9%, sharp drop in oil sardine catch

Marine fish production of India down by 9%, sharp drop in oil sardine catch

The catch of oil sardine from the Indian coasts suffered a sharp decline of 54% as the fish fell down to 9th  position from the first spot, according to India’s marine fish landing estimates for the year 2018. The total marine fish production in 2018 recorded 3.49 million tonnes with a drop of 3.47 lakh tonnes (9%) compared to the previous year mainly due to reduced catch in West Bengal, Karnataka and Maharashtra with a drop of 2.01 lakh tonnes, 0.95 lakh tonnes and 0.86 lakh tonnes respectively. The data, which was released by the Kochi headquartered Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) on Friday, also showed Indian mackerel (2.84 lakh tonnes) is the most landed marine fish in the country during the year followed by cephalopods (2.21 lakh tonnes), non-penaeid prawns (1.94 lakh tonnes), ribbon fish (1.94 lakh tonnes) and penaeid prawns (1.84 lakh tonnes). The catch of sardine dropped to 1.55 lakh tonnes all over India from 3.37 lakh tonnes in 2017.While a steep fall  was recorded in West Bengal, Karnataka and Maharashtra Among the nine maritime states, Gujarat remained in the first position in the landings with 7.80 lakh tonnes followed by Tamil Nadu (7.02 lakh tonnes) and Kerala (6.43 lakh tonnes). Unusually huge catch of red toothed trigger fish about 72,000 t was another highlight of the estimates, with Karnataka recording high landings of this species.

Oil sardine catch drops 39% in Kerala

In Kerala, the oil sardine catch fell to 77,093 tonnes from 1.27 lakh tonnes in 2017 with a decline of 39%. However, the state registered a 10% increase with 6. 42 lakh tonnes in total landings compared to the previous year with all other major resources except oil sardine recording increased catch. As in the overall landings in India, the Indian mackerel (80,568 t) turned out to be the most abundant resource in Kerala too with a significant increase of 142% from the previous year. The other major resources topped in the state were anchovies (58,766 t), threadfin breams (53,549 t), penaeid prawns (50,472 t) and cephalopods (50,180 t). Ernakulam district contributed maximum (25%) to the state landings where Munambam remained as the most contributing fishing harbour in the state.

Slight increase in value of fish

The estimate of the value of marine fish landings based on price at landing centres across the country during 2018 was  Rs. 52,632 crores. with 0.4% increase over 2017. The average price per kg of  fish at landing centre rate was Rs.152 (11.1% increase). At the retail level, the estimated value of marine fish was Rs. 80,320 crores (2.4% increase). The unit price at the retail market level was Rs.232 (13.4% increase). The Fishery Resources Assessment Division of the ICAR- CMFRI estimated the annual marine fish landings of the country through its online data collection system. Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI, Dr P Pravin, Assistant Director General of ICAR, Dr T V Sathianandan, Dr K Sunil Mohamed, Dr G Maheshwarudu, Dr P U Zacharia, Dr Prathibha Rohit and Dr C Ramachandran were present on the news conference.

ICAR-CMFRI Observes International Yoga Day 2019

ICAR-CMFRI Observes International Yoga Day

Headquarters, Kochi

The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) observed the International Day of Yoga on 21st June 2019 by organising an awareness workshop and demonstration of yoga asanas at its Headquarters in Kochi and various Regional Research Centres. Shri. Balakrishnan Menon, an eminent yoga trainer and advanced meditation course instructor of the Art of Living Foundation, Bangalore, was the chief guest of the workshop at the Headquarters of the Institute in Kochi.

He said that yoga is union of body, breath and mind which is highly helpful to improve physical and mental health. He also pointed out that the yoga practices have got a wide exposure and increased popularity with the Government of India and the Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi actively supporting the initiatives ensuring a massive participation for the programme at the government institutes during special occasions like the International Yoga Day. The misunderstandings about the yoga existed in the past have been completely cleared with continuous awareness programmes. Apart from cleansing our body and health, regular practice of the yoga would help oneself to explore and know his/her inner mind, he said.

Inspired by the spirit of the awareness workshop, the Recreation Club of the ICAR-CMFRI which organised programme announced on the occasion the commencement of regular yoga training at the Institute twice in a week. The inauguration of the training was also held at the venue followed by the awareness workshop. Shri Balakrishnan Menon and Smt. Smitha K, Personal Assistant at ICAR-CMFRI led the yoga training session. Dr T V Sathianandan, Director-in-charge and Head of Fishery Resources Assessment Division of the Institute presided over the function. Dr V Kripa, Head of Fishery Environment and Management Division and the President of the Recreation Club coordinated the programme.

Mangalore Research Centre

International yoga day was celebrated at the centre on 21 June 2019. The programme started at 10.00 am. The message by Honourable Prime Minister on the importance of yoga in everyday life given in the booklet on common yoga protocols published by the Ministry of Ayush was read on the ocasion. This was followed by the practice session of all the yogasanas as per the protocol received from Ministry of Ayush, Govt. of India. All the scientist, technical staff, research scholars and contractual staff actively participated in the yoga session.

Puri Field Centre 

Tuticorin Research Centre

In compliance with the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s address and the instruction received from ICAR the International Yoga Day was celebrated on 21st June, 2019 in Committee Hall, Tuticorin Research Centre of CMFRI at 10.30 AM.  The Yoga master Shri. Stalin Rathnasamy was invited for International Yoga day celebration. The programme was started with ICAR invocation song. Dr. P.P. Manojkumar, Scientist in-Charge and Principal Scientist of the Centre delivered the welcome address followed by Dr. P.S. Asha, Principal Scientist addressed the gathering about the needs of practicing Yoga. Stalin Rathnasamy delivered a special talk on the importance and benefits of Yoga in human life. He also added that yoga provides mental/physical strength to people and enhance well-being of human life through regular practice. Along with yoga healthy food habits improve the health and relief from bodily illness in human beings. After that he demonstrated different Asanas and Pranayama. All the staff members followed his instructions and did yoga exercise with complete involvement. The International Yoga Day celebration came to an end with a vote of thanks by Mr. Jerald Raja, Secretary, Recreation Club, TRC of CMFRI.

Mandapam Regional Centre

Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI celebrated the International Day of Yoga on 21st June 2019. A lecture followed by demonstration of yoga was conducted. Yoga expert Ms. Ms. Anitha, a yoga trainer at the Art of Living Foundation, and their volunteers demonstrated the yoga. She explained the importance of yoga in human life. Dr.G.Tamilmani, Senior Scientist briefed about the significance and relevance of the International Yoga Day. Nearly 100 staff of Mandapam Regional Centre attended the programme.

Madras Research Centre

The International Yoga Day was observed in Madras Research Centre of CMFRI, on 22nd June 2019. Dr. P. Laxmilatha, Principal Scientist and Scientist-in-Charge welcomed the chief guest and all the staff members. Three Karyakartas Shri. Karthikeyan Selvarajan, Dr. Smt. Indu Barkavi, MDS and Smt. G. Bhavani from Vivekananda Kendra, Chennai gave the presentation and demonstration of Yoga. The three Karyakartas gave a lecture on different aspect of practicing Yoga, life style disorders and the benefits of practicing Yoga daily and consistently. They interacted with the staff members of MRC and clarified their doubts. This was followed by demonstration of few asanas for the staff. After the demonstration they explained the need to continue Yoga consistently for achieving the benefits. Dr. P. Laxmilatha, Principal Scientist and Scientist-in-Charge honoured the Chief guest with mementos. The function concluded with a vote of thanks proposed by Dr. R.  Narayanakumar, Principal Scientist.

Calicut Research Centre

The International Day of Yoga is celebrated on the 21st of June, 2019 all over the world, to spread awareness about Yoga and adopting it in ones lifestyle by discussing its benefits.  On this occasion, demonstration of yoga was arranged at the Calicut Research Centre of ICAR-CMFRI for the benefit of all the staff members.  Prof (Dr) T.N.Vijayakumar, Former Principal and HOD, Dept of Zoology, NSS college, Manjeri, a well known Yoga expert, was the Chief Guest for the function.  Dr Vijayakumar expressed happiness in the enthusiasm shown by the staff members and spoke on the importance of yoga and meditation.  Prof Vijaykumar specialises in the Kayakalpa Yoga which helps in restructuring the body in a natural way, Kaya Kalpa helps cure and prevent diseases. It relieves the practitioner of many of the troubles of aging. 

He said practising yoga in our daily life is essential for physical and mental fitness and should be practiced in our day-to-day life. He said that practising yoga will not only help us drive away many diseases, but also help us remain active throughout the day and concentrate well in our daily activities.

Dr Vijayakumar then demonstrated different yoga postures which can be easily practised daily at home.  The demonstration started with simple warming up exercises.  Shershasana, is an inverted asana in modern yoga; it was described as both an asana and a mudra in classical hatha yoga. Vajrasana or the Thunderbolt pose, is a kneeling asana in hatha yoga. Kukkudasana or the fowl pose, strengthens the wrists and the abdominal muscles. Vrikshasana is a balancing asana. It is one of the very few standing poses in medieval hatha yoga, and remains popular in modern yoga.

The other important postures covered during the demonstration were the cobra posture (Bhujangasana), the wind releasing posture (Pavanamuktasana) and Shavasana.  This was followed by a deep meditation for ten minutes.  There was also a brief session on Pranayama, Kapalabathi, Aroma and Avaloma  to conclude the demonstration.

Fisheries Minister agrees to implement key recommendations of CMFRI study on fisheries credit in Kerala

Fisheries Minister Agrees to Implement Key Recommendations of CMFRI Study on Fisheries Credit in Kerala

The Hon. Minister of Fisheries, Harbour Engineering and Cashew Industry, Government of Kerala, Smt. J. Mercykutty Amma has agreed to implement the key recommendations of ICAR Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) to reform fisheries credit delivery system in the state. She was responding to the starred questions on the subject in the Kerala Assembly on 11.06.2019. A recent study1 conducted by CMFRI on financial inclusion in fisheries sector made several recommendations which include i) reforming the fish auctioning system by introducing greater state control on price fixation and by regulating the involvement of auctioneer middlemen ii) to consider fishing vessels as collateral security for institutional loans by linking vessel insurance with credit and iii) to introduce Fishermen Credit Cards similar to Kisan Credit Cards in agriculture to bring in greater flexibility in loan disbursement and repayment. According to the Minister, the recommendations would be implemented by strengthening co-operative societies. The Minister also stated that the Fisheries Department is in the process of introducing a Bill on fish marketing, auctioning and quality control to enhance marketing of good quality fish with greater participation of fishermen.

Assembly Questions & Answers based on CMFRI studies