Training Programme on Molecular and Microbiological Techniques- Basics and Beyond
at Karwar RC of CMFRI
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TRC of CMFRI trains young researchers to manage endangered marine species
In connection with the on-going Platinum Jubilee Celebrations of ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi, the Tuticorin Research Centre of the Institute organised a one-day training programme on ‘Identification of marine fauna with special reference to Endangered, Threatened and Protected Species (ETPs)’ to the post-graduate students from different colleges in and around Thoothukudi district on 8th August 2017.
The ETPs listed in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 which include elasmobranch, molluscs, giant grouper, horseshoe crabs, all syngnathids (sea horses & pipe fishes), all holothurians (sea cucumbers), all scleractinians (reef building coral), all antipatharians (black coral), organ pipe coral (Tubipora musica), all millipora (fire coral), all gorgonians (sea fans), marine turtles, and marine mammals were given special emphasis during the programme. The endangered species refers to those whose population is declining drastically, and is seriously at risk of extinction. Threatened species are those species whose population levels are declining and are likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future. Protected species are that which is declined in wild and are protected by law.
While inaugurating the programme, Dr. M. Sakthivel, Dean (Academic & Research Wing), Kamaraj College, Tuticorin appreciated the ICAR-CMFRI for its effort to make students aware of ETPs and their taxonomy, research and conservation methods. During his introductory remarks, Dr. P. P. Manojkumar, Principal Scientist & Scientist-in-charge, Tuticorin Research Centre, ICAR-CMFRI stressed the need for giving special focus and protection to the ETPs.
The training programme was attended by 31 post graduate students from 6 different colleges. A series of lectures and hands-on training on identification of ETP species were given by the scientists of the Tuticorin Research Centre of CMFRI.
In addition, identification skill test was conducted for the participants to evaluate the understanding of the subject. St. Mary’s College, Tuticorin was adjudged as the best performing college in the contest. Dr. I. Jagadis, Principal Scientist, Dr. P. S. Asha, Shri. C. Kalidas, Dr. L. Ranjith, Smt. M. Kavitha, Shri. Rajan Kumar and Smt. Shikha Rahangdale led various technical sessions.
Sea ranching of green tiger shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatus) at Pamban, Palk Bay by Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI
Mandapam Regional Centre of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRl) is conducting research on hatchery production of P.semisulcatus shrimp seeds for sea ranching programme in order to increase shrimp production and promote the livelihood of fishermen in the Palk Bay & Gulf of Mannar region. As an initiative they had sea ranched about two lakh numbers P.semisulcatus shrimp seeds at Mandapam (Thonithurai) on 11th May 2017.
In continuation of that, about 10 lakhs numbers P.semisulcatus shrimp (flower iral) seeds at PL 10 (22-days-old larvae) stage were released at Pamban (near light house), Palk Bay region on 5th August 2017 by leaders of Country Craft Fishermen Associations, Fishermen farmers, Scientist-in-Charge, Dr.A.K.Abdul Nazar and other Scientists of Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI. Fishermen thanked Mandapam Regional Centre of CMFRI and expressed such programme will replenish the shrimp resource of the region.
CMFRI Gets Rs 9 cr to Set up National Broodbanks of Marine Fishes
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries approves CMFRI’s proposal to enhance farmed marine fish production
The ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has got an amount of Rs 9 cr from the Centre to establish national broodbanks of two marine fishes namely cobia and pompano.
The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF) under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare approved CMFRI’s proposal to enhance production of farmed cobia (Rachycentron canadum) and pompano (Trachinotus blochii) through the establishment of their broodbanks and supply of larvae to all coastal States for seed production.
The broodbank will be set up at Mandapam and Vizhinjam regional centres of the CMFRI and the regional hatcheries will be established in all maritime States. The broodbank will have quarantine facility, broodstock holding tanks, recirculation aquaculture systems and photothermal control systems. The proposed facility will sustainably produce fertilized eggs and newly hatched larvae from bio-secure broodstocks of cobia and pompano fed with suitable diets under controlled water quality parameters and photoperiod.
According to Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI the new project will help solve the issue of scarcity of quality seeds of cobia and pompano which are among the most suitable species for sea cage farming in Indian waters. Since the present marine capture fisheries is unable to meet growing seafood demand, we have to focus on increasing the marine fish production through mariculture activities. However, scarcity of quality seeds is a major impediment to the mariculture industry in the country. The proposed broodbanks and regional hatchery facilities will cater to the requirements of quality seeds of cobia and pompano in all the maritime States, he said.
With the establishment of the broodbanks, production of 48 million newly hatched larvae of pompano and 30.72 million newly hatched larvae of cobia could be achieved per year.
There is a network of over 1000 cages spread across the country under the technical guidance of the CMFRI. Lack of adequate seed supply often hamper the mariculture industry and so a broodbanks of marine finfish as a national facility is the need of the hour.
CMFRI’s Mandapam Centre to act as national nodal centre of mariculture
The Mandapam Centre of CMFRI would act as the national nodal centre coordinating the seed production programme facilitating the supply of the seeds to various regional hatcheries set up across the maritime states in the country, said Dr Gopalakrishnan. “CMFRI has already developed the technology for mass production of fish seeds of cobia, silver pompano, Indian pompano, orange spotted grouper and pink ear emperor”, he said.
National Mariculture Policy
The CMFRI would continue its efforts in drafting the National Mariculture Policy in collaboration with the fisheries departments of maritime States and Union Territories to develop the existing mariculture practices into a massive scale and to avoid conflicts of interest between other sectors, he said.
“CMFRI has conducted several sittings of scientific experts to come up with draft terms of reference with respect to the National Mariculture Policy. “The same will be finalised soon and circulated to all the maritime States for obtaining feedbacks from the States and stakeholoders”, Dr Gopalakrishnan said.
Tuticorin Research Centre of ICAR-CMFRI organises fishermen meet
In connection with one-going year-long Platinum Jubilee Celebration of ICAR–Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi, a one day fishermen meet of coastal traditional fishers in Thoothukudi distric was organised at the Tuticorin Research Centre of the Institute on 19th July 2017. The meet stressed the need for adoption of mariculture practices along Thoothukudi coast.
Smt. Bala Saraswathi, Assistant Director of Fisheries (Marine), Tamil Nadu inaugurated the meet and appreciated the efforts taken by ICAR- CMFRI on the promotion of mariculture activities to the fisherfolks in the district. She explained the existing schemes available under FIMSUL and NADP for cage farming.
She released the training folders (both in Tamil and English) on the successful lobster farming at Sippikulam village in Thoothukudi. Shri R Rexon and Shri Daniel Raj, sea cage farmers from Sippikulam and Keelavaipar, shared their experience and opportunities about the lobster farming in cages. The farmers were provided a detailed presentation on the sea cage culture practises of lobsters including the economics. As many as 29 fishers from four coastal villages of Thoothukudi District attended the meet.
Dr P P Manojkumar, Principal Scientist & Scientist-in-charge, Tuticorin Research Centre of ICAR-CMFRI, Dr I Jagadis, Principal Scientist, Shri C Kalidas, Scientist and co-ordinator, Smt. Vyala, Inspector of Fisheries and Dr L Ranjith, Scientist spoke on the occasion.
CMFRI achievements appeared in ICAR Major Milestones 2016-17
CMFRI Signs MoU with Mangrove Foundation
ICAR-the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Mangrove and Marine Biodiversity Conservation Foundation of Maharashtra for collaborating in the field of sustainable marine fisheries, aquaculture research, development and extension.
Shri N Vasudevan, IFS, Executive Director, Mangrove Foundation and Additional PCCF, Government of Maharashtra and Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director, ICAR-CMFRI signed the MoU on 04th July 2017 at the CMFRI Headquarters in Kochi.
According to the MoU, which is for a period of five years, the CMFRI and Mangrove Foundation will work together to promote and accelerate the progress of research and training in various aspects of sustainable marine fish culture and capture fisheries and conservation of marine ecosystem and marine biodiversity.
The linkage is mainly aimed at developing and implementing collaborative research projects, pilot projects, field trials, and coastal livelihood programmes in the area by the establishment of mutual relation between the scientific and technical divisions of the two organisations.
A Joint Working Group will be formed soon with the representatives from both organisations to follow up the collaborative works and suggest necessary measures for achieving the intended objective of the mutual cooperation.
NITI Aayog, ICAR-CMFRI Join Hands for Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries
Aimed at implementing the Sustainable Development Goal-14 (SDG) of the United Nations in India, ICAR- the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi organised a two-day national workshop in collaboration with NITI Aayog and WWF-India on 4th and 5th July 2017.
Representatives of all the coastal States and UTs along with stakeholders including the concerned officials from the central government ministries, academia and scientists from research institutes, UN bodies and NGOs attended the workshop.
During the workshop, a set of recommendations was finalised by the expert for the achieving the stipulated targets included in the Sustainable Development Goal-14 of the United Nations.
The major recommendations include proposals for stopping registration of new fishing vessels in Indian waters to solve overcapacity in the sector; implementing licencing scheme to fishing gear and boat building yards; setting up marine parks, community reserves and no-take zones; uniform Minimum Legal Size (MLS) restrictions on all coastal States and UTs to prevent juvenile fishing and Ocean Regulation Management Act to bring uniformity in fishing in Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Besides, the recommendations include calls for all coastal states to put in place a Vessel Monitoring and Surveillance (VMS) system; classifying ecologically sensitive marine hotspots as Biodiversity Heritage Sites and include marine literacy in school curriculum to create awareness on the importance of coastal and marine conservation.
Proposals for restriction fishing rights exclusively to the fishers living in coastal villages, formation of District Level Committees (DLS) for monitoring CRZ violations, recognising importance of women groups and women organisations in coastal developments and formulation of national Mariculture Policy to boost mariculture as an alternate livelihood have also been included in the recommendations.
Dr. Ashok Jain, Advisor to NITI Aayog, P K Biswal, Additional Secretary of Planning and Convergence Department of Odisha, Dr Sejal Worah, Programme Director of WWF-India, Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI, Dr C N Ravishankar, Director of ICAR-CIFT, Dr Pravin Puthra, Assistant Director General of ICAR and N Vasudevan, Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Maharashtra among others lead the discussion at the workshop.
Mass scale seed production of Indian pompano (Trachinotus mookalee) at Visakhapatnam, Regional Centre of ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute:
First of its kind in the world
Indian pompano is a marine fish, belonging to the family Carangidae. It is distributed in Indo West Pacific region and is reported to be present in 15 different countries of the Asian continent. In India, the fish is reported from both the west and the east coasts. It is marine with sporadic occurrences in bays and lagoons and the adult fishes prefer shallow coastal waters with rocky areas. The fish is considered to be a good candidate species for aquaculture due to its fast growth rate, easy adaptability to culture conditions, quick acceptance of artificial feed, euryhaline nature, pleasant appearance, good meat quality and high consumer preference. In addition, it can be successfully cultured in tanks, ponds and cages.
In a bid to diversify Indian mariculture, breeding and seed production of the species was initiated at Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI with broodstock collection in the year 2011. Initial success in seed production on a small scale was achieved in early 2014. However, seed could not be produced consistently due to the loss of broodstock maintained in the cage by the effect of the catastrophic Hud Hud cyclone which hit Visakhapatnam coast in the same year. Broodstock collection was initiated again in 2015 and the fishes were stocked in land based - Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS) for development and maturation. With manipulation of water quality and feeding protocols, fishes were induced to spawn in the RAS and mass scale seed production was achieved in early 2017. Metamorphosis from larvae to fry started on the 17th day post-hatch and was completed by the 22nd day. After 30 days of rearing, the survival rate was around 17.2% and the fry reached an average size of 2.9 cm in length and 1.27 g in weight. Around few thousand fry were transferred to Veraval Regional Centre of CMFRI, Veraval, Gujarat and are being nursery reared for stocking in cages. Another few thousand fry were transferred to Nagayalanka, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh and are being nursed in hapas prior to release in pond. The remaining fry, again a few thousands, are being nursery reared at Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of CMFRI, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh and will be shortly stocked in open sea floating cages for grow-out. This is the first report of successful mass scale seed production of Indian pompano (Trachinotus mookalee) under confinement from anywhere in the world.
Recent success in seed production of Indian pompano by Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI has raised a ray of hope for culture of the fish using hatchery produced seeds in India and will present enormous scope for aquaculture business opportunity in near future for Indian fish farmers through species diversification.