Indian Council of Agricultural Research
CENTRAL MARINE FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE
  • Hydrography Laboratory
  • Tagging of yellofin tuna with pop up satellite tags
  • Mangalore Research Centre of CMFRI
  • Measuring sailfish in fishery biology laboratory
  • Odonis niger landings at Mangalore Fisheries Harbour

Home Mangalore Research Centre

Thrust Areas of Research:

Stock assessment of exploited marine fishes of Karnataka and Goa
Propagation of small mariculture technologies suitable for adoption in coastal Karnataka
Monitoring health of coastal ecosystems
Socio-economics of marine fishers of Karnataka
Develop advisories for management of marine fisheries of Karnataka and Goa

 

Ongoing Research Projects:

a. In-house projects :

Development of fishery management plans for sustaining marine fisheries of Karnataka and Goa.
GIS based resources mapping of distribution and abundance of finfishes and shellfishes off Indian Coast for suggesting operational based strategies for fisheries management
Development of fishery management plans for bivalve fisheries of India
Development of strategies to sustain stock and fishery of large pelagics of the Indian  Coast
Remote sensing assisted bio dynamic forecasting paradigm for Indian Marine Fishery    Resources
Innovations in Sea Cage Farming and Coastal Mariculture
Ecosystem process of critical habitat and development of protocols for  restoration
Pollution and litter monitoring in the coastal and marine ecosystem and their    impact.
Economics of Marine  Fisheries and Sustainable Management :Policy Issues and Interventions
Capacity Development for Ecosystem Based Responsible Fisheries Management In India- A Co-learning Action  Research
Assessment of Elasmobranch Resources in the Indian seas
Sustainable Molluscan Mariculture Practices

b. Ongoing- Funded Projects:

Satellite Telemetry studies on Migration patterns of Tunas in Indian Seas” (SATTUNA)
Flow of Matter through tropic levels and biogeochemical cycles in Marine and Estuarine ecosystems, under the National Programme “Sustained Indian Ocean Biogeochemical, Ecological Research and Geotraces”. (SIBER)
National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture. (NICRA).
Global learning for local solutions: Reducing vulnerability of marine-dependent coastal communities

Completed Research Projects (last plan period):

a. In-house projects :

Management advisories for sustaining marine fisheries of Karnataka and Goa.(PEL/IDP/02.
Decision support system for marine fisheries  management, FRAD, 2007-2008
Development of diversified grow-out mariculture systems, MFD 2007-08
Resource damage assessment in marine fisheries impact of selective fishing of juveniles, bycatch and discards in trawl fisheries (CFD/IDP/02).
Assessment of biodiversity and ecological impact in open sea cage farming(MBD/RE/03)
Innovations in sea cage farming and development of sustainable capture based aquaculture (CBA)
Recruitment dynamics of penaeid prawns along the Indian coast
A diagnostic study on Dimensions, Causes and Strategies of Poverty and Marginalisation among Marine Fisherfolk
Understanding threatened coral reef ecosystem of southern India and designing interventions aimed at their restoration.
Studies on the specific and intraspecific diversity of Lutjanids of the Indian seas
Impact of anthropogenic activities on coastal marine environment and fisheries
Impact and yield study of environmental changes on distribution  shifts in small pelagics
Development of fisheries ecosystem restoration plans for critical marine habitats
Coastal rural Indebtedness and Impact of Microfinance Coastal Rural Indebtedness and Impact of Microfinance in Marine Fisheries Sector
Technological upgradation in molluscan mariculture

b. Completed–Funded Projects:

Impact, adaptation and vulnerability of Indian marine fisheries to climate change – Phase II -  
Validation of PFZ advisories brought out by INCOIS among artisanal and small mechanized sector fishermen along Kerala coast to compare the advantages derived for different types of fishing operations / targeted species -
Studies on marine mammals of Indian EEZ and the contiguous seas -

c. Consultancy Projects:

Utilization strategy for oceanic squids (Cephalopoda) in Arabian Sea: A value chain approach
Monitoring studies on the hydrobiological conditions of coastal sea off Mangalore SEZ
Sustainable coastal protection and management.

Significant Achievements in the last 5 years

Technologies/Concepts/Findings

Capture Fisheries

  • Prediction and modelling of marine fishery yields from Arabian Sea off Karnataka using ECOSIM
  • Strengthened the scientific database -catch and effort of the exploited fish stocks and their distribution, abundance, biological characteristics, mortality rates, yield per recruit, status of exploitation, sustainable yield and techno-economics of fishing operations.
  • The effect of bottom trawling on the benthic fauna off Mangalore coast was studied and reported
  • Log sheets in local languages prepared and distributed to sampled commercial fishing crafts to collect in-situ data on fishing operations, catch and effort.  
  • Participatory GIS program (PGIS) in marine fisheries for spatio-temporal resource mapping to  avoid resource damage, identify seasonal juvenile abundance and   evolve management strategies for conservation and sustainable harvesting
  • Innovative GIS based methodology developed for resource mapping of marine fishes to reduce CO2 emission from Trawlers. 
  • Purse-seining with light popularized through fishing demonstrations off Karnataka coast
  • Advisories cautioning the impact of this destructive fishing method were provided to the State administration
  • Limit reference points (LRP),YMSY & fMSY and target reference point (TRP), f0.1, were set for cephalopod resources (Karnataka) to guide rational fisheries management decision.
  • Inter-cohort growth pattern of cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis population (Clade C), distributed along the Eastern Arabian Sea (South-West coast of India) modelled.
  • Protocols for age estimation in Indian squid Uroteuthis (Photololigo) duvauceli using hard-parts standardised.
  • Protocol for tagging large sized yellowfin tunas with pop-up satellite tags was standardized.
  • Bivalve harvesting areas classified developed for the DK District of Karnataka based on the US NSSP and EU Guidelines

Mariculture

  • Technology of green mussel using Participatory Action Model, (PAM) developed for the fishermen of Saligramma, Karnataka
  • Integrated farming of mussels and shrimps for additional income generation involving the participation of shrimp farmers from Saligrama developed
  • Mud -crab fattening technique   introduced and popularised in Karnataka
  • Technology for the offshore cage culture of finfishes and crustaceans in a participatory research program with the association of traditional fishermen of Karnataka was developed and demonstrated
  • Capture based aquaculture Technology for Karnataka in participatory research program mode with traditional fishermen of the State of Karnataka state was evolved and demonstrated.
  • Concept for Spatial marine planning for success of Mariculture was developed
  • Suspended bivalve farming techniques refined and location specific protocols for farming of mussels using rack, raft and longline in estuarine and coastal waters of Karnataka developed

Social Science

  • Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA) using Participatory Poverty Assessment Registers (PPAR) used for assessment of poverty of fisher folk across all sectors of marine fisheries.
  • Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was developed for the Marine Fisheries Sector of Karnataka.
  • Vulnerability index (V.I) developed to measure the vulnerability of coastal districts of Karnataka to climate change.
  • Farmer Sustainability Index (FSI) developed to measure the adoption of sustainable practices in capture based aquaculture.

Fishery Enviornment

  • Seasonal and interannual variations of oceanographic conditions off Mangalore coast (Karnataka, India) and their influences on the pelagic fishery.
  • Physiological biomarker response in bivalves integrated with environmental variability and a tool for site selection in bivalve farming developed.
  • Levels of trace metals, Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni and Fe in seawater and their bioaccumulation in green mussel Perna viridis were monitored.
  • Lysosomal membrane stability of haeomcytes in Perna viridis was standardized as a biomarker of environmental quality of bivalve beds of Karnataka.
  • Sampling protocol for insitu collection of fishery and environmental parameters developed for validating chlorophyll and fish production.
  • Water quality: of estuarine and coastal areas monitored seasonally and annually.
  • Trace metals (arsenic and mercury) in Mackerel, Oil sardine, squid, crab and prawn was found to be within the safe limit of WHO.
  • A study of the coastal beaches of Karnataka and Goa was carried out to assess the impact of marine litter.

Biodiversity

  • Database for underwater visual census of coral fishes developed for the first time in Karnataka.
  • Fauna and flora of marine, estuarine and islands off Karnataka estimated.
  • Coastal birds and seabirds   (41 species) occurring along the Karnataka were identified and photographed.
  • Stranding’s, sightings and incidental catch of marine mammals, seaturtles recorded from and off the coast of Karnataka.
  • The centre generated 79.28 lakhs of rupees through 14 consultancy projects (2004-2009)
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